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Population Ageing and Australia's Future

Contributors

Professor Kaarin Anstey FASSA is Director of the Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing (CRAHW), and Director of the Dementia Collaborative Research Centre at ANU. Her research interests include cognitive and brain ageing, chronic disease and mental health, prevention of cognitive decline and dementia, life-span approaches to mental wellbeing, the impact of cognitive decline on productive ageing, and older drivers. Kaarin leads the PATH Through Life Project, an epidemiological study focusing on identifying risk and protective factors that influence mental health, cognitive decline and brain ageing from early to late adulthood. She is an ANU Public Policy Fellow, Director of the Alzheimer’s Australia Dementia Research Foundation, a member of the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Knowledge Translation Faculty and a member of the NHMRC Guidelines Adaptation Committee for Dealing with Cognitive and Related Functional Decline in Older People.

Professor Hazel Bateman is Head of the School of Actuarial Studies at the University of New South Wales. Her research interests in public and private provision for retirement includes current studies on retirement saving, investment and benefit decisions; the structure, governance and performance of pension and superannuation funds; and effective public policy for an ageing society. Prior to joining the University of New South Wales, she worked as an economist in the Australian Treasury. She has been a consultant on retirement income issues to a range of Australian and international organisations including the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Bank, the Social Insurance Administration (China), Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and the Korean Institute for Health and Social Affairs. She is a member of UniSuper’s Consultative Committee and in 2012–13 was a member of the Australian Government’s Superannuation Roundtable.

Professor Colette Browning is Director of the Royal District Nursing Service Research Institute and Adjunct Professor in the School of Primary Health Care at Monash University. She is recognised as a national and international leader in psychology and health. Her research focuses on healthy ageing and improving quality of life for older people, chronic disease self-management and consumer involvement in health care decision-making. Professor Browning is co-Director of the Melbourne Longitudinal Studies on Healthy Ageing program and the convener of the Healthy Ageing theme and Management Committee member of the Australian ARC/NHMRC Research Network in Ageing Well. She is a member of the International Research Centre for Healthy Ageing and Longevity International Scientific Advisory Committee.

Dr Richard A Burns serves as Fellow in the ANU CRAHW in the Research School of Population Health. He completed his PhD thesis examining the impact of organisational climate on subjective and psychological wellbeing in a multinational study of high school teachers. Since 2007, he has been working with CRAHW on a range of studies: between 2009 and 2015 he has been funded on various ARC and NHMRC project grants and as an Early Career Researcher at CEPAR. He has a diverse research program that focuses on issues related to psychiatric epidemiology, flourishing and wellbeing, psychological capital, self-concept, organisational climate, and longitudinal research methodologies.

Lisa Cannon is a Research Assistant at CRAHW in the ANU Research School of Population Health. With a background in psychology and population health, her research interests include attitudes, ageism, mental health, gender and age differences, and life-span approaches to wellbeing.

Rachel G Curtis is a PhD candidate in the Department of Psychology at Flinders University. Her research interests include aspects of adult development and ageing, such as cognitive ability, subjective wellbeing, and activity engagement.

Dr Cathy Gong is a Research Fellow at ANU CRAHW and CEPAR. She is an economist who contributes primarily to the CEPAR Research program in Healthy and Productive Ageing and collaborates in other CRAHW research on China. Her research has focused on income inequality, income mobility, employment, social exclusion and disadvantage across the life-course. She works closely with policymakers and the community sector to provide an evidence base to inform the development of effective social policy. She has published on intergenerational mobility, income inequality, spatial disparity, disadvantage and social exclusion in both international and domestic journals.

Professor Jane Hall FASSA is Professor of Health Economics in the Business School at the University of Technology Sydney, after having served as the founding Director of the Centre for Health Economics Research and Evaluation (CHERE) for over 20 years. Her work spans many areas of health economics, including health technology assessment, measurement of quality of life, health workforce and comparative policy analysis. Her work has always been concerned with improving resource allocation and improving outcomes in health services delivery, including a major research program currently in the Finance and Economics of Primary Health Care. She is a board member of the NSW Bureau of Health Information, and a member of the Independent Hospital Pricing Authority. She is involved in health policy issues internationally through her involvement with the Commonwealth Fund International program in Health Policy and Practice.

Professor Hal Kendig FASSA is a gerontologist and sociologist who serves as Professor of Ageing and Public Policy at CRAHW in the ANU Research School of Population Health. He is a Chief Investigator at CEPAR, leading research on healthy and productive ageing, social inequalities over the life-course, and attitudes to ageing as well as a new ARC Discovery project on China. He has previously served as the National Convenor of the ARC/NHMRC Research Network in Ageing Well (Sydney University), Director of the ARC Key Centre in Gerontology (La Trobe), and Coordinator of the multidisciplinary Ageing and the Family project (ANU). He is actively engaged in international, national and state policy developments on ageing including the Living Longer, Living Better reforms.

Professor Sang-Hyop Lee is Professor of Economics at the University of Hawai‘i. He is also Managing Director of the East-West Center and Korea Development Institute and East-West Center annual collaborative project. His primary research objective is to find key measures of the human resources and their relationship with economic development. His recent studies focus on how population ageing affects labour markets, individuals’ decisions to work, and other aspects of the economy. He is co-editor of four recent books on Korea, and has been investigator of numerous projects related to ageing issues.

Professor Mary A Luszcz FASSA is Emerita Professor at Flinders University after having served as Director of the Centre for Ageing Studies and Matthew Flinders Distinguished Professor in the School of Psychology. She leads the Australian Longitudinal Study of Ageing, which provides the basis for much of her current research efforts. Her areas of research interest are cognitive ageing, longevity, and psychosocial wellbeing. Understanding how these can be maintained or enhanced through behavioural means, to culminate in successful ageing at an individual and societal level, is the overriding goal. Within the Cognitive Ageing Laboratory, research focuses on normal age-related memory changes. She has used time sampling techniques to understand how very old adults spend their days, and the interdependencies of health, cognition, interpersonal relationships and affect.

Rikiya Matsukura is a researcher at the Nihon University Population Research Institute. He has also been working as a guest researcher and lecturer of demographic analysis at the Statistical Research and Training Institute of the Japanese Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications since 2002. As a UN consultant, he has also contributed to the formulation of the most recent five-year economic plan of the Laotian government. He has more than 20 years experience in demographic research, focusing on the development of statistical methods for complicated models and the application of these methodologies to socioeconomics and population. In the field of population and economy, in recent years he has been contributing to the development of the economic indices, the National Transfer Accounts.

Professor Peter McDonald OA FASSA is Professor of Demography in the Crawford School of Public Policy at The Australian National University. He was President of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population 2010–13 and is a member of the Council of Advisers of Population Europe. He frequently consults on the issue of population futures (causes, consequences and policies) for governments around the world, especially in Australia, Europe and East Asia. He is Deputy Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research. He was a member of the Australian Ministerial Advisory Council on Skilled Migration in 2012–13 and of the panel of the Australian Government’s 2014 Independent Review of Integrity in the Subclass 457 Programme. He has worked previously at the Australian Institute of Family Studies, the World Fertility Survey and the University of Indonesia. In 2008, he was appointed a Member in the Order of Australia and, in 2012, as an inaugural ANU Public Policy Fellow.

Professor Naohiro Ogawa is Professor of Population Economics at the Nihon University College of Economics and Director of the Nihon University Population Research Institute. Over the past 30 years he has written extensively on population and development in Japan and other Asian countries. More specifically, his research has focused on issues such as socioeconomic impacts of low fertility and rapid ageing, modelling demographic and social security–related variables, as well as policies related to fertility, employment, marriage, child care, retirement and care for the elderly. His recent work includes measuring intergenerational transfers. He has published numerous academic papers in journals such as American Economic Review, Journal of Labor Economics, Demography, Population Studies and Population and Development Review. In collaboration with other scholars he has also edited several journals and books, the most recent being Low Fertility and Reproductive Health in East Asia, published in 2015 by Springer.

Associate Professor Rachel Ong is a Principal Research Fellow at the Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre, Curtin University. She has conducted investigations into the housing pathways of older Australians, the tax-transfer treatment of the family home, the uses and risks of housing equity withdrawal in mid-to-late life, intergenerational issues that influence decisions surrounding the use of housing assets to fund needs in old age, and factors influencing self-provision in retirement. Her research has been supported by sources such as the Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute and Australian Research Council. She has also completed projects for policy and industry organisations, including the Commonwealth Treasury, WA Council of Social Service and WA Department of Housing. She is currently a member of the Steering Committee for the Asia Pacific Network for Housing Research (APNHR), the Commonwealth Treasury’s Housing Research Panel and AusAID’s Research Advisory Panel.

Professor Jan Pakulski FASSA is Emeritus Professor at the University of Tasmania. He is a well-published author on social inequality, elites, social movements, postcommunism in Central and Eastern Europe, and social change. His two main areas of current sociological research are political elites, democratisation and social inequality. He also maintains interest in mass social movements, including the environmental movement in Australia. He is a Fellow of the Stanford Center for Poverty and Inequality and a member of editorial/advisory boards of Polish Sociological Review, Citizenship Studies, Australian Journal of Social Issues, and the Australian Social Monitor.

Professor John Piggott FASSA is Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research, and of the Australian Institute for Population Ageing Research at the University of New South Wales, where he is Scientia Professor of Economics and also holds an ARC Australian Professorial Fellowship. His Australian policy experience includes membership of both the Henry Tax Review Panel and the Ministerial Superannuation Advisory Committee. Internationally, he worked for nearly a decade with the Japanese Government on pension and ageing issues, and in 2004 was tasked with evaluating World Bank assistance on pension reform in the Asian region for the Bank’s Operations Evaluation Department. He has been a consultant on pension issues to several foreign governments, including Russia and Indonesia. In 2007 he was appointed Visiting Professor, Zhejiang University, China, and from 2008 to 2010 was Visiting Scholar with the Department of Insurance and Risk Management, Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania.

Professor Andrew Podger AO FASSA FIPAA is Professor of Public Policy at The Australian National University. He was previously a career public servant having started as a cadet with the Australian Bureau of Statistics and become Secretary of various Commonwealth departments and the Public Service Commissioner. His research interests include public management and social policy. Before leaving the Australian Public Service in 2005, he chaired a review of the delivery of health and aged-care services.

Associate Professor Kees van Gool is a health economist at the Centre for Health Economics at the University of Technology, Sydney. His extensive experience in international, national and regional health policy research includes a leading team working on the financing and economics of primary care. His projects include work conducted for the Commonwealth Department of Health, MBF and the Australian Senate. Kees has previously worked at the Department of Health, NSW Health and the OECD. He has been a chief investigator on a number of competitive grants, including a current NHMRC capacity building grant. He has worked extensively on cancer care, screening, cystic fibrosis and policy evaluation. He has quantitative skills in micro-economic modelling and has established a track record in using linked data. In 2011 he completed his PhD at the University of Technology, Sydney, looking at the out-of-pocket costs faced by Medicare patients.

Dr Tim D Windsor is Director of the Centre for Ageing Studies at Flinders University. He spent 10 years conducting research concerned with psychosocial aspects of adult development and ageing at The Australian National University, after completing his postgraduate studies in psychology at the University of New England. His research focuses on changes in the nature of social relationships that occur with ageing, and their implications for wellbeing. Additional interests are concerned with how personality characteristics, self-regulation (e.g. the ways in which people engage with, and disengage from different goals), and emotion regulation relate to mental health and wellbeing over the life-course.


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