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Aboriginal Placenames

List of Figures

Figure 1.1: Aboriginal placenames around Port Jackson and Botany Bay from historical sources. See Table 1.1 for key to placenames and sources.

Figure 1.2: Aboriginal placenames around Port Jackson from historical sources. See Table 1.1 for key to placenames and sources.

Figure 1.3: Port Jackson – Botany Bay: Number of Aboriginal placenames recorded in each period.

Figure 1.4: Example of information recorded in Dawes 1790-1791: 26, including the names of places and Aboriginal people from whom he learnt the Sydney language.

Figure 1.5: List of Aboriginal placenames as recorded in Dawes 1790-1791: 44.

Figure 1.6: List of Aboriginal placenames as recorded in Vocabulary 1790-1792: 37-38.

Figure 2.1: Map detail of Sydney Harbour (from Attenbrow 2001, see also 2002: 8)

Figure 3.1: RASA survey form

Figure 4.1: Gundungurra cultural landscape map showing the lower Cox River and its tributaries with known placenames and some Aboriginal pathways. The Dreamtime journey of Gurangatch and Mirragan proceeded down the Wollondilly River and upstream along the Cox with sidetrips to Reedy Creek and the Meeoowun waterhole. The junction of the Wollondilly and Cox Rivers is about 90 kilometres from the centre of Sydney.

Figure 4.2: Part of the lower Cox River showing the Black Gooler and Coober land grants of the 1820s, the southwards ‘migration’ of Gooler-related names after settlement and the settlers around Gudgabung creek whose properties were used by Gundungurra informant Billy Russell to describe the Coober and Gudgabung localities.

Figure 5.1: Canberra area modern placenames. Photograph by Grace Koch

Figure 5.2: Transmission of placenames over time

Figure 7.1: The Jardwadjali landscape

Figure 7.2: The Djabwurrung landscape

Figure 7.3: Linton State Forest Areas (Kostanski and Clark 2004)

Figure 9.1: Section of the map of tribal distribution accompanying Tindale (1974)

Figure 9.2: Examples of Tindale’s placename index cards (SAM AA 338/7/1/46 and AA 338/7/1/13)

Figure 9.3: An early version of the AUPS

Figure 9.4: Section of the Hundred of Glyde (SA) with Tindale’s annotations (SAM AA 338/24/32)

Figure 9.5: Map of native placenames on Southern Yorke Peninsula (Tindale 1936: 56)

Figure 9.6: Jatala placename card (SAM AA 338/7/1/12)

Figure 11.1: The country west of Lake Eyre. Map by Colin Macdonald.

Figure 11.2: Utaka, Boy Creek, Laurie Stuart looking at one of the many stagnant pools. Photograph by Vlad Potezny.

Figure 11.3: The Mosquito Rocks in 1969. Photograph by Graham Hercus.

Figure 11.4: The Mosquito Rocks in 1994. Photograph by

Figure 11.5: The Marchfly Hill. Photograph by Vlad Potezny

Figure 11.6: Where they were bitten. Photograph by Pamela Macdonald

Figure 11.7: Blanket waterhole, the rocks representing the Rainbow people. Photograph by Pamela Macdonald.

Figure 12.1: The far north-east corner of South Australia, showing area names. Map by Colin Macdonald.

Figure 14.1: Area names where Bardi is spoken

Figure 14.2: Booroo names in the Goolarrgoon area

Figure 14.3: Some locality names on Sunday Island

Figure 14.4: Non-secret locality names around One Arm Point community (Ardiyooloon)

Figure 14.5: Examples of descriptive locality names

Figure 16.1: Languages with inherent locative placenames

Figure 16.2: Language families and groups in the VRD

Figure 16.3: Gregory National Park

Figure 16.4: Ethnonyms in the VRD

Figure 16.5: -nya and LOC distribution

Figure 16.6: Locative and locative-exactly placenames on the Ngarinyman-Ngaliwurru boundary

Figure 16.7: Ngarinyman/Birlinarra/Gurindji locative placenames (small sample)

Figure 16.8: Jaminjung/Ngaliwurru locative Placenames

Figure 16.9: Gurindji/Birlinarra/Ngarinyman LOC-EX placenames

Figure 16.10: Placenames with Jarragan -m locative

Figure 17.1: Photo of Wuyal in a bark petition presented to the Commonwealth Parliament in 1968 regarding the naming of Nhulunbuy. The original painting is by Dundiwuy Wanambi (dec). Used with permission from AIATSIS, Canberra.

Figure 17.2: Guide to places associated with Wuyal’s movements in the Nhulun area (locations are approximate).

Figure 17.3: Nhulunbuy Town Map (East Arnhem Land Tourist Association Inc.).

Figure 18.1: Placenames within a four kilometre radius of Manankurra. Adapted from a ground drawing by senior Yanyuwa women Dinah Norman Marrngawi, Eileen McDinny Manankurrmara and Ida Ninganga. This ground drawing illustrates the complexity of landscapes and placenames, and in naming the placename Manankurra you implicate many other places and also bring their biography into being and remembrance.

Figure 19.1: Map of Kurtjar traditional territory

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