Index

2AY Albury (Australia) 128
2BL Sydney (Australia) 139-140
2CA Canberra (Australia) 129
            Night Owls’ Club 129
2CH Sydney (Australia) 126, 127, 130
2HD Newcastle (Australia) 124
2GB Sydney (Australia) 125, 127-128, 130
            Bluebirds Club 128
            Charity Board 128
            Happiness Club 127, 128, 130
            managing director 128
2GF Grafton (Australia) 128
            Smile Club 128
2GZ Orange (Australia) 129
            Junior Country Service Club 129
2MW Murwillumbah (Australia) 124
2SM Sydney (Australia) 125
2UE Sydney (Australia) 125, 129
            Call to Youth Club 129
2UW Sydney (Australia) 126, 127
3AW Melbourne (Australia) 129, 130
            Birmacley Pet Club 130
            Breakfast Club 129
            Chatterbox Corner Chums 129, 130
3BO Bendigo (Australia) 128
3KZ Melbourne (Australia) 130
3SH Swan Hill (Australia) 129
            Women’s Club 129
3UL Warragul (Australia) 129
            Breakfast Club 129
3UZ Melbourne (Australia) 130
            Tailwaggers’ Pet Club 130
3XY Melbourne (Australia) 129
            Fisherman’s Club 129
3YB Warrnambool (Australia) 129
            breakfast Club 129
4CA Cairns (Australia) 128
4TO Townsville (Australia) 129
            Commander Singing Club 129
4WK Warwick (Australia) 124
5DN Adelaide (Australia) 129
            Kipling Boys’ Club 129
6AM Northam (Australia) 124
6ML Cheerio Club 127
6PM Perth (Australia) 124
7EX Launceston (Australia) 129
            Gardening League 129
7HO Hobart (Australia) 129
            Women’s Association 129
7LA Launceston (Australia) 129
            Women’s Association 129
7QT Queenstown (Australia) 130
            Chums’ Club 130

A

ABC (Australian Broadcasting Commission) 67, 92, 93, 94, 107, 124, 140
            voice 92, 93, 94
ABC Weekly 92, 93
AWA (Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia)) 128
Abbott, Edwin (‘A Square’) 41
Abbotsleigh (Sydney) 90
Aborigines (Australian) 44, 83
            accent 44
            words from 83
Accent 1, 3, 4, 37, 39, 42, 44, 45, 54, 55, 61, 63, 69, 73, 74, 76, 80, 83-111, 119, 152
            American 73, 119, 152
            Australian 1, 3, 4, 44, 45, 61, 73, 83-96
                        Aboriginal 44
                        Adelaide (South Australia) 45, 73
                        approval of 88, 92, 94, 99, 101
                        broad 3, 106, 107, 108
                        colonial twang 106
                        criticism of 98
                        cultivated 3, 95, 97, 106-107, 108
                        cultured 54, 73, 80
                        detestable snuffle 84
                        diphthongs 3, 90, 102, 103, 104-107
                        drawl 44, 99, 101, 102
                        educated 54, 76, 86, 106
                        flatness 87, 99
                        foundation 3, 99, 100, 108
                        general 3, 106, 107, 108
                        history of 97-111
                        lazy 83, 84, 85, 94
                        legitimate 1, 83
                        and masculinity 54, 91, 94-95
                        Melbourne (Victoria) 45, 73, 74
                        nasal 44, 85, 93, 98, 100
                        pleasant 83, 84, 86, 89, 92, 93, 97
                        psychological inhibition 94
                        pure 1, 3, 69, 89, 99, 100, 101, 105, 106, 152
                        rural 60, 107
                        scholarly study of 106
                        self-confident 108
                        soft 54, 55, 84
                        South Australian 37, 39, 42, 44, 85
                        standardised pronunciation 88
                        vowels 3, 86, 93, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107
            British 73, 76, 79, 83, 87, 88, 97, 101, 105, 107
            class 61, 86, 100, 104
            county 86
            Devonshire (UK) 100
            foreign 49, 77
            invented 76, 79
            Kentish (UK) 105
            Northumberland (UK) 105
            ‘pure’ 3, 99, 101, 105, 152
            regional 3, 43, 45, 73, 74, 76, 77, 79
            Scots 44, 77, 97, 100, 102
            Somersetshire (UK) 100
            ultra-British 73
            Yorkshire (UK) 45, 97, 100
accordions 16
acoustics 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 116, 117, 118, 120
            etiquette 10
acting 66, 75, 78
            schools 75, 78
            teachers 66
actors 3, 63, 64, 66, 73, 74, 75, 77, 79, 98
            Australian-born 98
            English 98
            female 79
            imported 98
ada 86
Adelaide (South Australia) 45, 73, 79, 129, 147
advertising 108, 118, 123, 141, 148
advice columns 90
Africa 29, 43, 79
African-American 28-30
Age (Melbourne, Australia) 53, 55, 69
airmail 123
Allan and Company 140
Allsop, Raymond Cottam 138, 139, 140, 141, 147, 153,
Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) (AWA) 124
American Laboratory Theatre 78
American Phonofilms 135
Americanisation 29, 133, 152-153
Americanisms 14
American(s) 4, 11, 15, 36, 51, 74, 97, 98, 119, 154
            business 4, 23, 133-154
            Clog Dancers 31
            film 1, 4, 74, 78-80, 127, 133-154
            and jazz 28-30
            and guns 11, 15
            manhood 50-51
            maps of 43
            mid-west 76
            oratory 51-52
            power of 4, 137-138, 153
            and recitation 61-63, 65
            republic 50-51
            revolution 36
            rise of 32
            speech 1, 3, 10, 14, 45, 52, 73-80, 85, 94, 97-101
                        twang 98, 152
            strength of 50
            technology 4, 133-154
            and tranquility 16
amplifiers 133, 139, 140
Anbruch 30
Anderson, Benedict 35
Anderson, Hugh 63
Anderson, Judith 79
anti-slavery campaigners 50
The Applause Reciter 63
Argus (Melbourne, Australia) 85, 130
Armidale (Australia) 39
Arnold, Harold 24, 25
The Art of Speaking 68
The Art of Speech: A Handbook of Elocution 88
Ascham School (Sydney, Australia) 75
Astorex 145
Atkinson, Alan 1, 2
atomisation 23, 25, 31
Auckland (New Zealand) 147
audio-internet 117
audiences 4, 26, 64, 65, 70, 79, 116, 120, 125, 130
Auditone 137, 144, 145, 147, 148, 153
auditory 1, 2, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 29, 63, 87
‘Auntie Goodie’ (Goodie Reeves) 125
‘Auntie Val’ (Muriel Valli) 128
aural 2, 7, 10, 11
aural time 2, 7
Australasian Films Ltd 137
Australia(s)
            alternative 8
            visitors to 9, 11, 13, 84
Australia 83
Australian Encyclopedia 15
Australian Facts and Prospects 98
The Australian Favourite Reciter 63
Australian Musical News 69
The Australian National Dictionary: A Dictionary of Australianisms on Historical Principles 108
Australian Natives Association (ANA) 35,
Australian Pocket Oxford Dictionary 107
Australian Pronunciation: A Handbook for the Teaching of English in Australia 97
Australianness 3, 83, 97
Australians
            independent manhood of 50
            inferiority complex of 95
            locally born 84
            national character 4, 95
            vernacular culture of 97, 107
Australia’s Amateur Hour 126
Australtone 137, 140-142, 145, 148, 151, 153
authenticity 29, 30
automobile 16, 19, 22, 24
autonomy 10, 11
aviation 124
The Awful Australian 98

B

Babel 23
Babel 30
Badham, Rev. Charles 74
Baeyertz, C. N. 87
Bagehot, Walter 52
Bailey, Margaret 75
Baker, Josephine 29
Balfour, Arthur 54
Ballad, sentimental 64
Ballarat 9, 14, 84, 105
Balliett, Whitney 120
Banks, Norman 125
Bannerman, Sir Campbell 51
Barton, Edmund 35
Bathurst (Australia) 39
Beaucaire 145
Bega 38
Being a Chum was Fun 130
Bell, Clive 29, 30
bells 1, 23, 24
Bell’s Standard Elocutionist 62, 68
Benét, William Rose 60
Benjamin, Walter 51, 24
Bennett, A. E. 128
Bennett, George 99, 101, 105
Berlin (Germany) 2, 20, 23, 25, 29, 75
Berlin Alexanderplatz 23
Berlin, Irving 28
Berman, Marshall 123
Bernard, J. 106
Bert Cross and Arthur Smith’s Cinesound
            sound-on-film system 146
Betts, Edward Lewis 142, 153-154
            George 142, 153-154
            Frederick 142, 153-154
Between Ourselves 125
Billboard 3, 73, 74, 75
Besant, Annie 54
Bingen on the Rhine 62
birds 8, 29
Birkbeck College (London, UK) 89
Birmingham, Agnes 76
Birrell, Bob 35
Blair, David 108
Blanchett, Cate 78
‘The Blue-Black Rose’ 23
Bligh, Governor 36
Board, Ruby W. 97
Boldrewood, Rolf 41, 98
Boleslavsky, Richard 78
Bombay (India) 88
books 38, 43, 62, 63, 67, 78, 104, 105, 114, 128
Boston (USA) 52, 78
Boston Transcript 74
Bourne, Randolph 77
Bourdieu, Pierre 32
Bradman, Don 129
Bragg, Melvyn 45
Braque, Georges 29
Bratton, J. S. 60, 61, 64, 65
Bridson, D. G. 67
Brisbane (Queensland, Australia) 45, 147
Britain, upper class 76, 79
British Broadcasting Company (BBC) 25, 92, 93, 125
British colonies 79
British Empire 3, 36, 61, 63, 84
British Phonofilms 135
The Broad Arrow 100
broadcasting
            in Australia 93, 123-132
            political 119
Broadcasters-Sydney Ltd 139
Broadway (New York City) 73, 77, 78, 79
Broadway Theatres (Australia) 144
Bromby, Dr 52
Brookes, E. Stanley 88
Brown, John Mason 78
Browne, Professor G. S. 85
Buckley and Nunn Ltd 140
Bulletin (Australia) 59, 61, 84, 86
The Bulletin Book of Humorous Verses and Recitations 63
The Bulletin Reciter 63
Burckhardt, Jacob 117
bureaucracy 123
Burgh, James 68
Burgan, Thomas 37
bush, vocabulary (Australia) 83
bushman (Australia) 61, 99
business
            American 4, 23, 133-154
            global 133
            local 4, 133, 153
Byron, Lord 66

C

Calcutta (India) 86, 89
California (USA) 14
Cambridge, Duke of 53
Campbell, Lawrence 66, 68
Campsie (New South Wales, Australia) 128
Canada 41, 49
capitalism
            internationalisation of 114, 117
            rise of 30
Carnegie Institute of Technology 78
Carruthers, J. H. 43
censorship 152, 153
Ceylon 128
Chakrabarty, Dipesh 85
Chaplin, Charlie 22
change
            cultural 4-5, 61, 79-80, 114-120, 152
            social 16, 20, 67
            technological 5, 152
character sketches 59, 64
Charles Baudelaire: A Lyric Poet in the Era of High Capitalism 21
Cheer-Up 128
‘Cheerio Man’ (Captain A. C. C. Stevens) 125
Chesterton, George 116
China 77, 99
Chion, Michel 120
Chisholm, A. R. 75
choice 10, 63, 94, 134, 148
Churchill, William 98
cinema(s)
            American mainstream 78
            industry 4, 133, 134, 136, 137, 139, 141, 144, 145, 152, 153
            wiring for sound 141, 144
Cinesound 146, 147
citizenship
            Australian 11
            imperial 10, 62
Citroën factory 1, 22, 23
city 19, 20, 21, 23, 28, 30, 32, 53, 59, 61, 74, 113, 124, 133, 135, 144, 147
The Civilisation of the Renaissance in Italy 117
Clacy, Ellen 8
Clara Morison 13
Clark, Alexander 44, 45
class
            division 86
            educated 93
            middle 60, 61, 65, 83, 85, 93, 116, 128
            mobility 61
            underclasses 115, 116
Clunies Ross, Hannah (nee Tilley) 74
Clunies Ross, Ian 74
Cockney 31, 44, 85, 88, 97, 98, 100, 101, 102, 104
Cohan, George M. 65
Coldbath Fields Prison 116
Coldwell-Smith, Charles (‘Uncle Col’) 128
Cole’s Book Arcade 63
Colgate-Palmolive Radio Unit 65
College of Fine Arts (Sydney Australia) 120
Collins, Diane, 2, 7-18, 134
Collins, Philip 64
Colonial Conference, London (UK) 49, 50, 52, 56
Colonial Office (UK) 50, 51, 56, 57
colonial twang 106
Columbia University (New York City) 3, 74, 75, 78
combustion engine 2
The Commonwealth of Speech 1
community, ‘imagined’ 35, 37, 41, 45, 83-84, 115
Connor, Steven 1
Conquergood, Dwight 60
consumption 7, 10, 62
conversation 10, 26, 86, 89, 90, 91
convicts 16, 55, 83, 94, 116
Conway, Jill Ker 90
The Coo-ee Reciter 63
Corbin, Alain 1
Cornish (UK) 44, 102
Cornish School (Seattle, USA) 78
Correct English, Public Speaking, Elocution, Voice Production 87
cosmopolitanism 13, 25, 28
Cournos, John 30
Cox, Bertram 51
Cox, Felicity 106, 107
Craig, W. 13
Critical Pronouncing Dictionary 105
Crosby, Bing 120
Crow, J. Sutton 85
cultural capital 62, 114, 117
            cringe 63
            critics 7
            diversity 12, 120
culture, mass 36, 70
Cunningham, Peter 98
Curlewis, A. C. 44
curriculum 37, 42, 90

D

Daggett, Windsor P. 3, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79
Studio 78
Daily Telegraph (Sydney) 123
Dalwood Health Home for Children 128
Damousi, Joy 1-2, 3, 83-96
dancing 29, 128
Davey, Jack 129
De Forest Phonofilms 135, 136, 144
De Witt, Marguerite 76, 77
Deacon, Desley 3, 73-82
Deakin, Alfred
            ‘Notebooks’ 52
            speech-making 49, 50, 51, 56, 57
Debating Club 52
Delbridge, Arthur 106
democracy 2, 10, 12, 13, 20, 39
democratisation 10, 32, 117, 118
demographic upheavals 123
Dening, Greg 1
Dennis, C. J. 62, 107
dependency, colonial 50, 51, 56, 57
deportment 88, 90
Depression, Great 16, 119, 125, 133, 144
Desprez, Frank 59
Derain 29
desire 8, 10, 29, 32, 50, 57, 61, 69, 107
Desmond, Valerie 98
dialect
            class 73
            ‘la-de-da’ Britisher 73
            regional 73, 74, 76
            ultra-British 73
Dickens, Charles 64
diction
            of the labouring classes 115
            polished 86
Die literarische Welt 29
difference 2, 13, 23, 25, 45, 73, 86, 92, 102, 103, 127
Diggers (gold) 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15
            (war) 107
digital technology 120
Dilke, Sir Charles 53
‘direct method’ 75, 76
disorder 10, 13, 148
distance
            and aviation 124
            and radio 124
Dixon, James 99, 101, 105
Döblin, Alfred 23
Doctor Faustus 114
documents 2, 7
dogs 8, 11
Dominions Office 56
Donald, James 2, 19-34
Dowling Apparatus 145
Doyle, Stuart 137
Drake’s Drum 61
drawl
Australian 44, 99, 101, 102
Devonshire 100
The Dream of Eugene Aram 66
Dubbo (New South Wales, Australia) 75
Dublin (Ireland) 27
Duff, M. E. Grant 53
Dunne, John 125, 126

E

Eagleton, Terry 61
Early English Text Society 104
East Indies 77
Eclectics Society 52
Education Act of 1871, UK 116
Edgerton, Elizabeth (Tilley) 74
Edison 117
Education Gazette 106
Eggling, Viking 19
Ehrenburg, Ilya 22, 23, 24, 25
electricity 2, 25
electric motors 17
Elementarbuch des gesprochenen Englisch (Primer of Spoken English) 75
Eliot, T. S. 27, 69
Ellis, A. J. 97, 104
elocution
            in Australia 3-4, 10, 59-70, 79, 87-95, 105-108
            new 69
            in New York 76-77
            teachers 76, 88, 105-106
            in USA 10
emancipation 11
Emerson, Ralph Waldo 52
Empire
            loyalty to 53, 83, 152, 154
English
            Ballarat (Victoria, Australia) 14
            broken 85
            correct 87, 99
            Cockney 85
            county 85
            Irish 85, 100
            King’s 85, 86, 93
            Oxford (UK) 83
            Southern (UK) 94
            Standard 73, 74, 93
Enlightenment 10, 68, 118
Errington, Betty 128
Es liegt in der Luft (There’s Something in the Air) 25
ethno-musicology 114
etiquette 10, 88, 90
Euphon English in America 76
Euphonetics 76
Eureka (Australia) 15
Eureka! 14
Europe 7, 12, 15, 23, 28, 29, 30, 32, 36, 42, 43, 75, 100, 114, 117, 133, 152
Everylady’s Journal 90
Everyones 133, 136
Ewers, John K. 87
Exeter (UK) 100, 128,
Experiment 7, 10, 11, 12, 16, 19, 60, 135, 138, 140, 141, 152

F

FBO-RKO 134
Fair, Roger 128
Fairfax, Hon. John 74
‘Fairy Godmother’ (Margaret Herd) 127
Farmer & Co. Ltd 140
Fauchery, Antoine 11, 12
Federation (of Australia) 2, 35, 36
Federation of Australian Radio Broadcasters 129
film(s)
            American
                        anti-American feeling on 152, 153
                        bad English in 1, 152
                        evil effect of 152
            Americanisation
                        Educational conferences on
                        Parliamentary debates on 152
            censorship of 152, 153
            exhibition chains 134
            as foreign offices 77
            and live musical performances 134
            and mechanically reproduced sound 26, 27, 135
            producer-distributors 133, 134
            radio fan clubs
            Royal Commission on 153
            sound in disc system 140, 141, 144, 145, 147
            sound-on-film system 135, 138, 142, 144, 146, 147
            trade magazines 133, 135
Film Weekly 133, 136
First British 144
First Lessons in Speech Improvement 76
First National-Warner Bros. 134
Fisk, Sir Ernest 124
Fitzgerald, F. Scott 28
Flatland: A Romance in Many Dimensions 41
Fletcher, J. J. 42
flutes 16
Fort Street School (Sydney, Australia) 74
Fortnightly Review 53
Foucault, Michel 116
Fox 134, 136
Fox Movietone 135
Fox Hoyts Radio Club 127
Fox Movietone Radio Club 127
freedom 7, 9, 10, 16, 41, 100
French Revolution 117
Freud in the Antipodes: A Cultural History of Psychoanalysis in Australia 1
Froude, James 101, 105
Furphy, Joseph 45

G

Garran, Bob 49, 51
‘the gaze’ 116, 118
Geelong (Victoria, Australia) 105
gender
            and education 116
            and the gold-fields 16
            and music 118
            and radio 118, 124-129
            and reading 117
            and silencing 15
            and speech 2, 50-57, 86, 90-91, 104, 106-107
            and technology 117
            and writing 37, 114, 117
General American 76
General Theatre Supplies Ltdā€”Cinesound 146
geography
            of Australia 37, 40-46
            local 42, 44
Germany 63, 75
            friendship with England 77
            and Hitler 119-120
gesture
            acoustic 10
            auditory 11
            bodily 68
            full 68
            spontaneous 68
            strained 89
Gillies, Malcolm 8
Gilmore, Mary 62
Gippsland (Victoria, Australia) 37
Gladstone, William 54
global
            industry 79-80, 133
            vernacular 78-80
            voice 80
globalisation 78-79, 120
Gloom Chasers 128
Goebbels, Joseph 119-120
Gold: Forgotten Histories and Lost Objects of Australia 15
Gold Seeking 15
The Golden Age 15
Golden Gully 14
gold-fields 1, 2, 7-17
Goll, Ivan 29-30
Gomery, D. 134
Good American Speech 3, 76-78, 94
Good American Speech 78
Goodman, David 15
Gordon, Adam Lindsay 43, 59-60, 62
Graded Objectives for Teaching Good American Speech 76-77
gramophone 16, 21, 24, 27, 123, 145
grammar of emotion 68
Great War (World War I) 19, 30, 77
Greek philosophers 123
Green, James 86
The Green Eye of the Little Yellow God 64-65
Grey, Sir Edward 49
Griffen-Foley, Bridget 4, 123-131
Grose, Frank (‘Uncle Frank’) 128
The Guermantes Way 26-27
gun-fire 1, 8, 11-13, 15-16
Gustafson, Zadel 50-52

H

h-dropping 101
Haberman, Frederick William 68
Hamlet 120
Hancock, W. K. 83
handwriting 117
Hannibal 113
Hansen, Miriam 78-80
Hanson, Pauline 4, 120-121
Harpur, Charles 43
Harrington, Jonathan 106
Harringtons Ltd 139, 147
Hart, Alfred 85
Harte, Bret 60
Harty, Frank Sturge 125-126
Hasluck, Alison 88
Hauser, Miska 12, 14
Hawkins, Stanley William 144, 153-154
Hayes, J. Milton 64
hearing
            jazz 28-32
            performances of literature 64
            and modernity 20-32
            radio 25-26
            of silences 16
            on the telephone 26-27
            training of 21-32
Hebrew Union College (New York City) 74
Help Thy Neighbour 125
Hepburn, Thomas 37-38
Herald and Weekly Times 140
Herd, Margaret (‘Fairy Godmother’) 127
Herring, Edmund 75
Higgins, Arthur 141
Higson, A. and Maltby, R. 133
Hindenburg disaster 119
Hirst, John 35
historians
            of Australia 7, 15, 35, 83
            of the Australian accent 3, 106-108
            of education 36, 39-40
            of Federation 35-36, 55
            of film 137, 144-145, 152
            of the gold-fields 14-15
            of language 10
            of listening 1-2
            of modernity 1-2, 7, 16, 24
            of radio 69
            of reading practices 61-62
            of the senses 1
            of sound 1-2
            of talking 1-2, 83
            of technology 4, 152
Hitler, Adolph 119-121
Hoffer, Peter 16
Holman, William 66
Holman, W. A. 66
Holland, Sir Henry 53-55
Holland, James 44
Holland, Lady 53
Hollywood 78
            Australians in 80
            and Broadway theatre 79
            cosmopolitan community 78, 80
            dominance 137-138, 144, 152-153
            films in Australia 134, 140, 146, 153
            global vernacular 76, 80
            studios in Australia 133-138
Home 123
homelessness 32
homosexuality 121
Honey, John 105
Hood, Sir A. 54
Hood, Thomas 66
Hoover, Herbert 119
Horatius 60
Horne, R. H. 98
Hoskins, Sir A. 54
House of Commons 49, 54
A House for Mr Biswas 62-63
Houseman, John 78
Howard, John 120
Howitt, William 12
Hoyts Theatres (Australia) 135-136, 140, 142
Hughes, Langston 28
Hughes, W.M. 57, 124
Hume Broadcasters 129
Hunt, Arthur Atlee 49, 51, 56
Hunt, Simon 120
Hunter College (New York) 75-76
Husbands and Wives 125

I

I Don’t Like It 121
identity
            collective 13-14, 36, 113-114
            cultural 1-2
            imperial 62
            individual 2, 4, 36, 113-114
            national 4, 36, 45-46, 62, 86, 107-108, 152
Illustrated London News 25
I’m a Back Door Man 120-121
immersion language-teaching 75
immigrants 79, 9
imperial
            condescension 50
            citizenship 62
            conference 56
            domination 55
            education systems 60
            family 124
            ideology 61
            policy 55
            symbols 97, 107
Imperial Federation League 53, 56
imperialism
            and capitalism 30
In The Droving Days 60
independence
            Australian 53
            gold-field 13-14
            manly 57
            and migration 9-10
            negotiated 12
            national 2, 9-10
India 77
industrialization 123
Inglis, Ken 92
Institut Tilly 75
international modernist idiom 78-79
International Phonetic Alphabet 78
International Phonetic Association 75
International Theatre Arts Institute 78
international women’s movement 79
Internationale 24
internationalism 3, 77
intimacy, and radio 123-131
Ireland 54, 97
Irish brogue 85, 100
Ironbark (New South Wales, Australia) 74-75
Irving, Henry 66
Ivanhoe 41, 45

J

J. C. Williamson Ltd 140
Jackson, Alfred 44
James, G. L. 104, 107
jazz 7, 27-30, 32, 120
jazz age 27-30, 32
Jazz Band in a Parisian Cabaret 28
The Jazz Singer 136, 140
Jefferson, Rev. Charles E. 73-74
Jericho 113
Johnson, Bruce 4, 113-121
Johnson, Lesley 69, 124
Johnson, Samuel 114-115
Johnson, Mr 51
Johnston, Graeme 107-108
Jones, Daniel 75-76
Jones, J. S. 39-40
Jordan, Dorothy 128
Joyce, James 27
Julia Richman High School (New York City) 76
Juilliard School (New York City) 78

K

Katoomba (New South Wales, Australia) 147
Kernan, Alvin 114
Kiesler, Frederick 78
Kendall, Henry 43
Kennedy, Graham 130
Kevin, John 38-39
Kipling, Rudyard 59, 61, 62, 67, 129
Kipling Boys’ Club 129
Kirkpatrick, Peter 2-3, 59-70
Korzelinski, Seweryn 12

L

La Nauze, J. A. 50, 52, 57
Lab School (American Laboratory Theatre) 78
‘The Lady of Shalott’ 66
Lake, Marilyn 2, 49-57
landscapes 8, 10, 24, 42, 67, 115, 154
language
            of Annie Besant 54
            Australian 83-95, 97-108
            Australian colloquial 92-94, 107-108
            body 11
            of the common man 45
            direct 90-91
            English 45-46, 85-86, 88, 98
            of the gold-fields 14
            inspirational 35
            international modernist idiom 78-79
            of machines 7
            Mr Bligh’s 1
            and national identity 83-87
            plain 10
            politics of 10
            of the poor 115-116
            pure 91, 99
            shared 12
            study of 38, 74-75
            of Tasmanian-born (Australia) 100
            teaching
                        of English 75-76
                        of French 75
                        of German 75
                        reform of 75-76
            transgressive 10
            universal 25, 74
            variety of 22, 23, 28
Lasca 59, 61
Lacasse, Serge 120
Lauder, Afferbeck 107
Laurier, Sir Wildred 49
law 10, 20, 51, 115
Laws, John 69
Lawson, Henry 14, 45, 61-62, 69
lawyers 60
Lays of Ancient Rome 60
Leakey, Caroline 100-101
Lee, Nicky and Nancy (Clifford Nicholls Whitta (‘Nicky’) and Kathleen Lindgren (“Nancy Lee’) 130
Leeds (UK) 45
Leland Powers School of Theatre (Boston, USA) 78
Lessing, Theodor 23-24
Let Stalk Strine 107
liberty 10, 16
The Life of the Automobile 22, 24
Life is a Very Funny Proposition After All 65
Lindgren, Kathleen (“Nancy Lee’) 130
lips 24, 85, 87, 88, 95, 103, 106
Listener In 125
listeners 22, 92, 118
            gold-field 8-9
radio 4, 67, 92-93, 124-137
            listening 1-2
            communal 40
            deficiency 87
            to the gold-fields 7-17
            modernist 20
            to the radio 25
            and reading 38
            selective 13, 15
            training in 21-32
literacy 38
            cartographic 40-42
            in fifteenth and sixteenth-century England 114-116
            universal 36, 61
Livy 113
localisms 77
locally made 145, 153
Lockhart, Bruce 77
London (UK) 2, 20, 30-31, 45, 49-54, 56-57. 63, 73-74, 77, 79, 88, 89, 98, 100-101, 114, 116
Longfellow, Henry 62
looking 21, 24, 57, 141
Lorimer, Sir James 53
loudspeakers 17, 120, 139
loyalty, double 84
Lucas, Sir Charles 51, 56
Lumenthode-Beam Projection and Sound Apparatus 144
Lupton, George 105
Lyceum (Sydney) 135-136
Lyons, Martyn 61-62

M

MGM 134
MGM Radio Movie Club 127
McBurney, Samuel 104
McCombie, Thomas 8
McCredie, James 39, 42-43
McKenry, Keith 67
McKenzie, Barry 107
McLean, Margaret Prendergast 78
McNair, W. A. 123
Macaulay, Lord 53
Macdonald, Alexander 65
Macdougall, Duncan 66-67
MacGowan, Kenneth 78
machines 1, 7, 21-24, 30
MacLure, Victor 88-89
Macquarie Dictionary 107-108
Macquarie network 130
Macquarie University (Sydney, Australia) 92
Madden, Sir John 104, 107
magic lantern 66
Mallarky, Ethel M. 97-98
The Man from Ironbark 74
The Man from Snowy River 61
‘Man of the Crowd’ 21
The Man Without Qualities 19, 30
manhood 2
            American 50-51
            Australian 2, 51-, 54-57
            independent 50-51, 56-57
maps 40-43, 45
Marburg (Germany) 75
Marchand, Roland 123
Markophone 137, 142-143, 145, 148, 153
Marlowe, Christopher 114
Married Life 32
Marsh, Gordon 129
Martin, Dr Frederick 76
Marxist critique 22
masculine 49, 50, 55, 56. 91, 94
            women as 54-55
mass communication 4, 118-121, 123-131
mass culture 36, 70, 78-79
mass education 36, 37, 41, 61
mass production 22-23, 27, 32
Matthews, Jill Julius 134
Mechanics’ Institutes 64
mechanisation 23, 30
Melbourne (Victoria, Australia) 40-50, 63, 73-74, 75, 85, 104, 105-106, 129-130, 147, 152
Melbourne Grammar School 52
Melbourne Shakespeare Society 85
memory 7, 14-15, 39, 52, 56, 90
Menzies, R. G. 94
Meredith, Louise (Mrs Charles Meredith) 84, 98
Methodist Ladies’ College (Melbourne, Australia) 104
‘The Metropolis and Mental Life’ 20
microphone 67, 117
            and Australian accent 93
            Ball 129
            and gender 118
            and power 119
migration 9, 23
Milton, John 62
Miserable Club 129
Mitchell, A. G. 92-93, 106
Mo (Roy Rene) 64-65
the mob 113, 115, 116-117
modern 123
            Berlin (Germany) 23
            cultural identities 2
            experience 24
            language teaching 75
            mass medium 131
            metropolis 23, 30-32, 59
            music 31-32
            popular culture 3, 59-60, 70
            sensory world 32
            societies 7
            soundscape 22
            technologies of speech and performance 2-3, 133
            time 16
modern languages 74, 75
modern life 1, 25, 31, 123
            complexity of 130
            impersonality of 27, 130
            noise of 27-28
modern self 1-2, 23
Modern Times 22
modernisation 24, 152-154
modernising 10, 133, 135, 137, 153
modernism 9, 29, 30, 67
            international idiom 78-79
modernist 19-20, 62, 64, 67, 69
            international idiom 78-79
magazine 123-124
modernity
            agents of 4-5, 152-153
            ambivalent embrace of 30, 133
            Americanisation of 133
            and aural time 7
            and cinema 2, 24, 25, 78-79, 133-154
            emotional history of 16
            as era of neo-orality 121
            and everyday life 133
            global 4, 152
            gold-field sounds and 7-17
            historians of 1-2
            and jazz 28-32
            and laziness 85
models of 7, 79
            multiple 2, 7
            and power 4, 113-121, 123
            rejection of naturalism 8
            rights culture 16
            and sensory hierarchy 13
            separation of work and play 15
            and sound 7-17, 113-121
            and sound recording 4, 113, 117, 118, 137
            and sound films 4-5, 133-154
            urban 135
            in Vienna (Austria) 21
            and the visual 16
            and voice 4, 113-121
Monich, Timothy 78
monologues, comic 64
Montague, Mrs Elizabeth 105
Moore, Bruce 3, 97-111
moral sense 61
moral worth 4, 84
Morrisson, Mark 69
Morse code 117
Motion Picture Distributors Association (MPDA) of Australia 134
Motion pictures 137
Movietone 140, 151, 135
            Radio Club 127
Mr and Mrs Everybody 125-126
Mr Bligh’s Bad Language 1
Mrs ’Arris and Mrs ’Iggs 126
Mugglestone, Lynda 105
Mundy, Godfrey 8
Munro-Ferguson, Helen 91
Murdoch, Keith 140
Murdoch, Rupert 140
Murray, J. H. 43
Murray, Les 64, 67
Murray’s Magazine 53
music
            American 29
            black 29-30
            commercial 14
            dance 29
            diasporic 13
            distributers 140
            domestic 14-15
            early 20th century 21-22
            film 134, -135, 141
            gold-field 7, 13-15
            gramophone 27
            halls 28, 31, 60, 64, 65, 125
            jazz 28-32
            journal 30
            negro 29-30
            popular 28, 118
            and radio 123, 125, 126
            and recitation 66
            recorded 24, 27
            and subjectivity 13-14
            teacher 127
            theme 14
            ultra-modern 31
            on Victorian stage 64
musical 14, 89
musicales 127
Musil, Robert 19-21, 23, 27, 30

N

Narrative of a Voyage to New South Wales and Van Dieman’s Land in the Ship ‘Skelton’ during the year 1820 99
nation 1, 2, 15
            British 115
            and empire 45. 50, 83-84, 97-98
            and geography 41-43
            independence 2, 50
            of public speakers 40
            and radio 25, 124
            transnational 77
nation-building 3-4, 15, 35, 37, 45, 50, 97-98, 119-120
nation-state 36, 123
national character 4, 95
national film censors 153
national groups 13
national identity 4, 36, 45-46, 50, 61, 86-87, 108, 152
National Life and Character 41-42
National Policy on Languages 108
national sound 15
national sound industry (Australia) 145, 147-148, 153-154
nationalism 61, 94, 97
            continental Australian 2, 35, 43, 45
naturalism 8, 68
Naipaul, V. S. 62-63
new, the 7, 13
New Caledonia 55
New England (USA) 74, 76
New Hebrides 55
New South Wales (NSW Australia) 37, 38-39, 43, 44, 60, 74, 84, 91, 98, 99, 102, 106, 139, 142
            central-western 107
            Education Department 75
NSW Broadcasting Company (NSWBC) 140
new woman 118
new world 31
New York City 29, 30-31, 52, 73-77
            Director of Speech Improvement 76
            films made in 77, 79
            high school teachers 75, 76
            intellectuals 77
            pronunciation of 75-76
            theatre 73, 75, 77-80
New York Times 73, 76
New York University 76
New Yorker 78
New Zealand 41, 53, 89, 104, 128, 144, 147
            foundation accent 99
Newbolt, Henry 60-61
Newcastle (Australia) 124, 147
Newcastle (UK) 45
newspapers 35, 60, 64, 107, 114, 141, 152
            vendors 23
Noad, Alexander Henry 142, 153
noise 7-12, 16, 19-20, 22-24, 31
            of Berlin 23
            of factory sirens 23
            disruptive 115-116
            of gun-powder 12
            hearing 32
            of jazz 28-30
            and the mob 115-117
            of modern life 27
            politicisation of 115-117
            as a problem 22-24, 115-117
            public 116-117
            reduction 22-24, 115-117
            of the typewriter 117
noiselessness 9, 22, 31
North, Michael 26
Norton, Lady Caroline 62-63
Norwood, Reverend Frederick W. 73-74
nostalgia 14, 32
Notes and Sketches of New South Wales During a Residence in the Colony from 1839 to 1844 98
Nowell-Smith, G. and Ricci, S. 133

O

Oceana, or, England and her colonies 101
O’Ferrall, ‘Kodak’ 59
Onslow, Sir William Hillier 53
Onslow, Lady 53
oratory
            of Annie Besant 54-55
            contests 76
            of Deakin 1, 2, 49-57
            and elocution 67-68
            of Gladstone 54
            of Hitler 119-200
            as masculine 2, 49-57
            of Roosevelt 119-200
            training in 60
            as unfeminine 54-55
Orwell, George 67
Our Oral Word, As Social and Economic Factor 76-77
Ouspenskaya, Maria 78
Outlaw and Lawmaker 99
Outline of English Pronunciation 76
Oxford (UK) 24, 74, 75
            English 83, 97
The Oxford Companion to Australian Folklore 67
Oxford English Dictionary 106

P

Pacific Ocean 53, 55, 56, 79
Palethorpe, Sallyanne 107
Palmer, Thomas 106
Palmer, Vance 94
Paramount 134
parents 36, 39, 99, 100
Paris (France) 1, 2, 8-9, 20, 22, 25, 28, 29, 56, 74-75
Parliamentary Standing Committee on
            Broadcasting 129
Parsons, Elsie Clews 77
Parsons, Fred 65
Passy, Paul 75
Paterson, Banjo 60, 62
patriotism 61, 152
Pauline Pantsdown 4, 120-121
Pearson, Charles Henry 39, 43, 52, 53
peculiarities, local 43-44, 45, 73, 79-98
pedestrians 19, 21
‘personal’ 4, 123-125, 130-131
personality 20-21
            acoustic 10
            radio 69, 125-131
            theatre 78
Phillips, Wendell 50
phonetician 75
phonetics
            readership in at Oxford (UK) 75
            teaching of 3, 75-76, 78
phonics 3
            cited in Oxford English Dictionary 106
            teaching in NSW, Australia 106
            teaching in Victoria, Australia 106
Phonofilms Australia (De Forest Phonofilms Australia Ltd) 135-137, 144
Picasso, Pablo 29
Pickering, Kenneth 66, 68
Pitt Street Congregational Church (Sydney) 74
placelessness 25, 32
platitudes 49, 53
Playbox Theatre (Sydney, Australia) 66-67
Plymouth (UK) 45
Poe, Edgar Allen 21
Poems of Spirit and Action 60
            poetry
            and actors 66
            Australian 43
            bush 59
            and class 64
            and elocution 90
            generation 60-62
            memorized 62
            modern 2
            and music hall 64-65
            performance 2-3, 59-70
            and popular culture 59-61, 64, 69-70
            and radio 67-70
            recitation 59-70
            society 69
            and song 64-65
            star 67
Polehampton, Arthur 11
popular culture 3, 60, 127
power 2, 4, 10, 12, 20, 25, 56
            American 50-51
            British 50, 56
            economic 123
            for good 124
            of the gaze 118
            and gender 117
            of Hollywood 137
            male 49-53
            oratorical 52-57, 88, 119
            of popular speech 60
            and print 116-118
            of radio 118-120, 130
            and sound 113-121
            and the underclasses 116-117
            and voice 113-121
Practical Study of Languages 75
Praed, Rosa 98-99
Pray, Sophie 76-77
pre-industrial society 7, 15
prejudice 32
The Prelude 116
Prentice, J. M. (‘Uncle Jack’) 126
Primer of Phonetics 75
Primer of Spoken English (Elementarbuch des gesprochenen Englisch) 75
primitivism 29
print, power of 4, 114-118, 121
Prison Act of 1865 116
pronunciation
            of Aborigines (Australia) 44
            American 3, 73-80, 97
            Australian 3-4, 39-40, 43-46, 73-74, 85-95, 97-108
            of Australian girls 104
            of Australian native-born 100
            and class 61
            of dipthongs 102-107
            Early English Text Society books on 104
            and empire 97-98
            English 3, 73-76, 92, 97, 104
            faulty 87-93, 101-107
            of ‘h’ 101, 102
            ideal 3, 105
            London (UK) 98
            New York City (USA) 75-77
            in New Zealand 104
            and place 45
            pure 105-106
            of ‘r’ 75-76
            received 76, 97, 105-107
            standard 3, 61, 73-74, 88, 104-
            of ‘take’ 102-103
            of Tasmanians (Australia) 102
            teaching 39-46, 78, 101-107
            uniform 45-46
            Victorian (Australia) 43, 102
Proust, Marcel 26
provincialisms 3, 45, 97, 104-106
            of London, Yorkshire, Lancashire, Somerset, America 45
Public Instruction Gazette 106
public schools
            New York 76
            Australian 86
system 105
public speakers 2, 40
purity 3, 88, 91, 105
Pyke, W. T. 63

Q

Quality Street 67
Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee 51-52
Queen’s Theatre (Crow’s Nest, Sydney, Australia) 141
Queensland (Australia) 37, 106, 120

R

‘r’, pronunciation of 75-76
RCA Photophone 137, 144, 145, 148, 151
race 13, 15, 29, 41, 45-46, 94-95, 98
radio 2, 4, 118, 123-124, 139
            ABC (Australian Broadcasting Commission) 92-94
            age 123
            advertising 69, 123
            announcers 69, 124-127, 129
            audience 25
            participation 126-131
            BBC (British Broadcasting Commission) 25
            voice 92-93
            Berlin 25
            and birthday calls 126
            Broadcasters-Sydney Ltd 139
            broadcasts 119, 124
                        for schools 76
            and children 124-126, 129
            clubs 127-130
            commercial 126
            and community 25, 126
            cosmopolitanism 25
            and country lives 124, 129
            and empire 124
            as family companion 4, 24, 127, 131
            fan mail 126
            Federation of Australian Radio Broadcasters 129
            and film sound systems 134, 139-140, 144, 147
            and housewives 125, 126
            and informality 67
            and intimacy 4, 123-131, 119
            and jazz 28
            Macquarie network 130
            as a mass medium 123-124
            Mo (Roy Rene) 64-65
            and morality 129
            and modernity 2, 4, 7, 21-22, 24, 24, 117, 123, 130-131
            and music 28, 125
            NSW Broadcasting Company 140
            and the New Woman 118
            Parliamentary Standing Committee on
            Broadcasting 129
            personalities 69, 125-130
            pet clubs 130
            power of 118-120, 123-124
            and recitation 67-70
            and social movements 127
            stars 130
            suppliers 139, 140, 147
            talkback 126
            virtuality 25-26
            and voice 67, 69, 92-93
            and women 125, 127-130
            women’s roles in 124-125, 129
Radio Paris (France) 25
Radio Pictorial of Australia 126
Radio Sunday School 128
Ramson, W. S. 108
Raubicheck, Letitia 76
Raycophone 137-148, 153-154
reading 35, 37
            appropriate comportment 116
            and citizenship 46
            as cultural capital 62-63, 64
            expression 43, 105
            history of 61-62
            as marker of class 64
            out loud 38-45, 64, 89-90
            of poetry 61-62
            practices 61-62
            public 64
            and speech 38-45, 101-106, 118-119
            teaching of 39-40, 43-46, 89-90, 101-106
rebellion 30
received pronunciation 76, 95, 97, 102, 105, 107
recitation 59-60
            in the 1920s 59
            and actors’ training 66, 68-69
            in America 62
            in Australia 2-3, 59-70
            and ballads 60-61
            and class mobility 61, 64
            in the concert hall 65-67
            demise of 67-70
            and elocution 60, 67-70
            as entertainment 63-67
            and good speech 61
            and the music hall 64-65
            in the parlour 65-66
            popularity of 67
            professionalisation 60
            and public reading 64-65
            and radio 67-70
            and reading practices 61-62
            and reciter books 63, 67
            in schools 3, 40, 60-69
            simultaneous 40
reciter 59, 62-70
The Red Dance 136
Reeves, Goodie (‘Auntie Goodie’) 125
referenda 35, 43
reform
            pedagogical 36-40, 67, 75
            social 35, 84
Regent (Sydney, Australia) 135-136
Renaissance 117, 123
Rennick, F. H. 43
republican 10, 50, 57
resistance 10, 15, 133, 152
restraint 69
revolution
            American 36
            French 117
            sound 154
revolutionary 7, 10, 55-56, 75, 138
Revue nègre 29-30
Rich, Kathleen 88
Richardson, Ethel (Henry Handel Richardson) 40-41
Richter, Hans 19
Riot Act of 1715 116
rights 2, 10, 15, 16, 51, 120, 135
Roaring Twenties 2, 7, 160
Robbery Under Arms 98
The Romance of a Station: An Australian Story 99
Roosevelt, F. D. 119
Royce, Josiah 50, 56
Rubin, Joan Shelley 61-62
rupture 2, 7, 16
Ruttmann, Walther 19

S

Sackville, Lady Margaret 69
Salisbury, Lord 51-52, 55-56
sarcasm 49
Saunders, G. A. (‘Uncle George’) 128
Schiffer, Marcellus 25
school 2
            acting 75, 78
            American 62
            anthology 60
            and communal reading 40
            and film technology 145
            and geography 40-44
            and literacy 36-38
            and the nation 35, 62
            New York City 76
            pronunciation of 106
            and radio 85, 125
            and reading 37-39, 43
            and reading aloud 39
            recitations in 3, 40, 60-63, 69
            and speech 76-77, 85-86, 90, 101-107
            system 36-39, 62, 75, 105
schoolchildren 1, 40-41, 45, 62-63, 90-91, 101-107
schoolteacher 3, 28, 41, 75, 104
school inspectors 36-39, 42-46, 101-106
Schopenhauer, Arthur 23-24
science
            of elocution 60
            and modernity 123
Scotland 97
Scots 104
Scott, Walter 41
Scribner’s 50
self, modern 1, 23
self-improvement 35, 65, 95
senses
            estrangement of 27-28
            experiment with 16
            and film 78-79
            history and anthropology of 1
            and modernity 16-17, 32
            training of 24, 30
sensorium 21, 78
sentiment 35, 61, 64, 98
Serle, Geoffrey
            The Golden Age 15
Service, James 52, 54
Shakespeare, William 62, 63, 66, 90, 115
            society 85
Shelley, Percy Bysshe 69
Sherer, John 11
Shirley, G. and Adams, B. 137
The Sick Stockrider 60
sight
            historians and 1, 15
            and sound 13, 15
silence
            of the bush 9, 16
            and morality 116
            new 8
            regimes of 1, 116
            right to impose 116
silent system 116
Simmel, Georg 20-23, 25, 27, 31
simultaneity 25
singing 13
            of birds 29
            community 4, 126, 128-129, 131
            penalties for 116
sirens 23, 24
Skinner, Edith (nee Warman) 78
skyscraper 123
slang 91
Slessor, Kenneth 118
‘The Smileman’ (AWA executive Roger Fair) 128
Smith, Al 119
Snider, Leon Samuel 142, 153
Sofala strike (New South Wales, Australia) 8
songs 64
            Australian
                        colonial 14
                        communal 13
                        convict 116
                        gold-field 13, 15
            Nazi 120
Songs of the Sentimental Bloke 107
sound 2
            in the 20s 7, 16
            aesthetic of 2
            Australian 3, 84, 95
            of the bush 8-9
            of the city 19-20, 30-31
            and class 116-117
            colonial 8
            communal 14
            as communication 24
            of the convict era 16
            of death 16
            democratising 10-12, 16
            diasporic 13
            equipment 133
            factory 1
            in film 1, 4, 77, 119-120, 133-154
                        disc 142, 144-145, 147
                        sound-on-film 135-146
            functional 10, 21-22
            of the gold-fields 1, 2, 7-17
            of gun-fire 8, 11-15
            historians and 1-2, 7, 14-15, 153
            industrial 7, 8
            and information 117
            jagged 19
            of jazz 29-32
            and liberty 10
            and machines 21, 22
            meaning of 7, 21, 32
            measured 2, 22-23
            and memory 14-15
            mixing 4, 113, 120-121
            and modernity 7, 10, 15-17, 19-32, 133
            and morality 9-10, 13
            as music 13-15
            national 15
            new 20
            as Pandeminium 12-13
            and phonetics 76
            and place 19-20
            pleasing 38
            and power 113-121
            pre-industrial 7, 9
            radius of 4
            reading and 38-39
            recording 4, 32, 113, 117-121
            regulated 2, 23
            reproduced 2, 21-27
            and the self 1-2, 9-10, 13-14
            and sight 1, 13, 15, 19, 118
            as social knowledge 13
            storage systems 4, 113, 118
            technology 4, 15, 26-27, 118-120, 133-154
            on telephone 26-27
            and time 4, 7
            transitory nature of 14
            of Vienna 19-20, 32
sound-scapes
            of the 1920s 2
            of Berlin (Germany) 2
            disruptive 10, 13, 16
            of Europe 7
            gold-field 7-8, 14, 16
            historians and 14-15
            industrial 8
            of modernity 16
            natural 8
            of play 15-16, 26-27
            pre-modern pastoral 9
            of refuge 9
            of the self 9-10
            social 9-10
            technological 15
            of uplift 9
            of Vienna (Austria) 2, 19-20
South Africa
            in theatre circuits 79
South Australia
            sound films in 141
            teaching of geography in 37-39, 42-45
space
            annihilation of 25
            and maps 40
            new dynamic of 24, 32
            and print 115
            private 11
            public 4, 113
            subversion of 27
            territorial 113-114
            transnational 113
            vocalized 4, 113-114
Speak with Distinction 78
speech
            of actors 3, 73-74, 77, 79-80, 98
            Adelaide (South Australia) 45
            Alfred Deakin’s 49-50
            American 3, 45, 73-74, 76, 97
            art of 88-89
            artificial 69
            audible 86
            Australian 3-4, 14, 44-46, 73-74, 83-95, 97-106
                        1960s 106-107
                        actors 78-80
                        boys 86
                        native-born 100-101
                        teaching of 90
                        women 90-92
            bad 45, 89-90
            beautiful 53, 76, 83
            best 86, 88, 97
            Brisbane (Queensland, Australia) 45
            British 87, 88
                        Dominions 97
            Canadian 97
            clean 54-55, 85
            and class 86, 97-98
            and climate 87
            Cockney 44, 97, 101-102
            colonialisms 45
            common 10
            communal 2, 40
            conversation 89-91
            Cornish (UK) 44, 102
            cultivated 97, 106-107
            cultured 73
            and deportment 90-91
            dialect 99
            direct 11
            drawl 98-99
            effeminate 86
            and empire 97-98
            England 97
            English 87-89, 93-94, 97-98
            faulty 77, 87, 105
            in film 78-79
            good 61, 73-74, 86-87, 97
            Good American 76-80
            historians and 1-2, 10, 39, 83
            Hancock, W.K. on 83
            and Hollywood 78-79
            improvement 76-77
            indistinct 89
            intimate 1
            Ireland 97
            Lancashire (UK) 45
            lazy 85-89, 93-95
            of lecturers 73
            Leeds (UK) 45
            localisms 73
            London (UK) 45, 73
            Melbourne (Victoria, Australia) 45, 73
            middle-class 93
            mincing 92
            and morality 3-4, 84, 88-95
            mumbling 86
            and the nation 3, 44-46, 83-87, 95, 97-98
            Newcastle (UK) 45
            New England (USA) 76
            New York City (USA) 73-76
            normal 73
            Oxford (UK) 97
            plain 10
            Plymouth (UK) 45
            polite 38, 91
            popular 60
            powerful 1
            of preachers 73-74
            problems 76-77
            provincialisms 45, 97
            pure 1, 3, 99-101, 106, 152
            and radio 85, 92-94
            and reading 38
            regional 74, 76
            Scotland 97
            Somerset (UK) 45
            standard 73-74, 93, 97-98, 105
            Sydney (New South Wales, Australia) 45
            Tasmanian (Australia) 100-102, 107
            technologies of 2-3
            teachers of 3, 45, 74-76, 78, 86-89
            teaching
                        inspectors 43-44, 103-106
                        professionalisation of 76
                        training 76
            in the theatre 78
            training 39, 61
            uniform 2, 40-46
            universal 76-80, 97
            Victorian (Australia) 43-44
            vulgarisms 45
            World English 76-80
            and writing 38
            Yorkshire (UK) 45, 97
Speak Out! The Commonsense of Elocution 89
speaking
            art of 68, 69
            carelessly 93
            communal 40
            in conversation 88-92
            and deportment 90-92
            plain 56
            of poetry 60, 69
            public 49, 52, 54, 60, 67, 87, 88, 89, 119-120
            on radio 92, 120
            and reading 38-39
            on the telephone 26-27
            well 84-92
            to the world 74, 76-80
speech-making 49-57
‘The Spoken Word’ 73, 78
Spoliansky, Mischa 25-26
St Andrew’s College (Sydney University, Australia) 67
St Arnaud (Victoria, Australia) 43
standardisation 23, 31, 153
Stanhope, Countess 57
Stawell (Victoria, Australia) 44
steam engine 15, 123
Stefan, Paul 30
Stelzer, Mrs W. J. (Eunice) 127-130
Stephens, A. G. 63
Stevens, Captain A. C. C. (Cheerio Man’) 125
Stevens, Bertram 63
Stivens, Dal 94-95
Stuart Town (New South Wales, Australia) 74
subjectivities
            individual 2
            collective 2
            new 78
subway train 16
Sumner, Charles 50
Sun (Sydney) 140
Sweet, Henry 75-76
Sydney (Australia) 74-75, 88, 89, 139
            2BL 140
            2CH 126
            2GB 125, 127
            2SM 125
            2UE 125
            2UW 126
            Abbotsleigh School 90
            Ascham School 75
            Daily Telegraph 123
            Domain 69
            elocution teachers in 66-67, 94
            Lyceum theatre 135
            Queen’s Theatre 141
            Raycophone 147
            Regent theatre 135, 136
            school children’s speech in 45, 104, 107
Sun 140
Sydney Morning Herald 74, 140
            talkie war in 141
A Sydney-Side Saxon 41
Syme, David 52
Symonds, Hyacinth M. 106

T

Tait brothers 140
‘take’, pronunciation of 102-104
Taksa, Lucy 61-62
talkies 133
            American 1, 152-153
            Bad English in 152
talkies war 133-154
talking 114
            Australian 83, 84-85, 98-99
            children’s 37
            historians and 1-2
            like an American 73
            polite 91-92
            and virtual communication 24
            women 91-92
talking pictures 7
            and the American twang 152-153
            Australian 141
            and profit 137, 140
            and radio 127
Tangalooma Tiger 69
Tasmania (Australia)
            Australian accent in 100, 102, 107
            Education system 37
            as part of Australia 43
teachers
            of acting 66, 78
            against American influence 154
            of elocution 66-67, 90-91, 105-106
            of geography 40-45
            high school 75-77
            and jazz 28
            of languages 75
            New York City 76-78
            of phonetics 3, 106
            and pedagogical reform 36-45
            of public speaking 66-67
            of reading 39, 44-45
            of recitation 40, 66
            and school inspectors 37-45, 101-106
            of speech 3, 38-45, 75-78, 83, 90-91, 101-106
            training 3, 76-77, 106
            unions 152
teaching
            in acting schools 3, 78
            at Columbia University (New York City) 3, 75-78
            of elocution 61, 87-91
            of English 61, 97
            extension courses 75
            of geography 37-38, 40-44
            of language 75
            in New York City high schools 75-77
            of phonics 106
            of poetry 61
            of reading 39, 106
            of recitation 61
            reforms of 36-39, 75, 106
            of speech 39-40, 75-78, 86-91, 102-106
            summer schools 75
            of teachers 3
            of women 117
            of writing 117
The Teaching of English in England 61
technologies
            acoustic 118
            American 133-154
            Australian 135-154
            communication 2, 23, 26, 114, 117
            digital 120
            and gender 117
            media 2, 20, 26, 32, 67, 117
            modern 133
            of pleasure 16
            of popular culture 60
            of radio and film 4, 7, 21, 24, 125
            of sound 4, 21, 24, 27, 113, 117, 118, 119, 133-154
            of speech and performance 2
            stenography 117
            subversive 27, 123
            take-up time 114
            telegraph 123
Telegraph Pictorial 140
telephone 2, 16, 21, 24, 25, 26, 117, 118, 124
telescope 123
television 14, 123
Tennyson, Alfred Lord 62, 64, 66
territory 1, 4, 35, 113-114
Thalberg, Irving 79
Thatcher, Charles 14
theatre
            acoustic 120
            American touring companies 79
            audiences 116
            circuits 79
            critic 74
            and elocution 66, 68
            entrepreneurs 138, 140
            as a global industry 79
            managers 98, 145
            movie 137
            naturalism in 68
            oratory in 114
            speech in 77, 78
            of sound 10, 12
            supplies 146
            training 78
            transnational 74, 77, 79
            voice projection for 60
            and women’s movement 79
Theatre Arts Monthly 3, 74, 78
Theatre Magazine 66, 68
Thibauld, Etienne 74-75
Thompson, Cameron 120
Thompson, Flora 40
Thompson, J. H. 52
Thompson, J. Walter 123
Thompson, John 67
Tighe, Lewis C. 141
Tighe, William J. 141
Tilley, Charles 74
Tilley, Elizabeth, nee Edgerton 74
Tilley, Hannah (Clunies Ross) 74
Tilly, William 3, 74-75
            influence 74, 75-80
            pupils 3, 74, 75-78
            and the letter ‘r’ 75-76
            sons 75
            transnationalism of 77, 79
            William Tilly Association 76
time 23
            acoustic 14
            annihilation of 25
            aural 2, 7
            in Australia 83
            modern 16, 24
            simultaneity 25
            and sound 7
            subversion of 27-28
Tivoli vaudeville circuit 64
tongue-laziness 85, 87
training
            of actors 66, 78
            in film sound 144
            of mental powers 36, 38
            for modernity 19-32
            for public speaking 89
            of the senses 30, 32
            speech 2, 39-40, 60, 61, 66-68
            of speech teachers 76-77
            vocational 126
transnational 3, 4, 63, 77, 78, 113
transnationalism 77
Trevelyan Sir George 53-54
Tupper, Fred (‘Tuppy’) 130
Tulloch. J. 137
twang
            American 98, 152
            Australian 98, 104
            lack of 100
            colonial 106
Twain, Mark 14, 84
Two Years in New South Wales 98
Twopenny, Richard 84
typewriter 117

U

Ulysses 27
‘Uncle Bert’ (Bert Woolley) 129
‘Uncle Col’ (Charles Coldwell-Smith) 126
‘Uncle Frank’ (Frank Grose) 128
‘Uncle George’ (G. A. Saunders) 128
‘Uncle Jack’ (J. M. Prentice) 126-127
Uncle Tom’s Cabin 79
‘Uncle Tom’s Gang’ 125
Union Theatres 135-137, 140
United States of America (USA; see also America)
            as first transnational nation 77
University of Maine (USA) 74
University of Marburg (Germany) 75
University of Melbourne (Australia) 52, 85
University of Paris (France) 74
University of Sydney (Australia) 67, 75, 92
University of Wollongong (Australia) 154
urbanisation 94, 117
urbanism 7, 14

V

Valli, Muriel (‘Auntie Val’) 12
Victoria (Australia)
            Alfred Deakin 51-52, 54, 55-56
            Chief Justice 75, 104
            Delegation to first Colonial Conference 51-52, 54-56
            drawl 44
            film sound systems 142
            geography teaching 43
            gold-fields 9, 10
            Minister for Public Education 43
            parliament 52
            Premier 52
            pronunciation 44, 102
            radio 125, 130
            school curriculum 42-43, 106
            school inspector 37-40, 43, 105
            school system 39, 44
            school teacher 104
            speech 37, 43-44, 105-106
            Western 69
Victoria Station (London, UK) 30
Victorian (period)
            actors 66
            ballads 59
            plays 66
            poetry 62, 64, 66
            self-improvement 65
            speech 69
            stage 64-65
The Victorian Popular Ballad 60
Vienna (Austria) 2, 19-21, 23, 32
Vietor, Wilhelm 75
Village Bells: Sounds and Meaning in the 19th-Century French Countryside 1
virtualisation 32
visual 7, 14, 19, 69, 117, 119
            historians on 1-2, 16
Vitai Lampada 61
Vitaphone 135, 141, 151
vocabulary, Australian 44, 83, 102
vocal staging 120
Vogel, David 32
voice
            ABC 92-94
            actors’ 66, 77
            American 77
            Anderson, Judith 79
            Annie Besant’s 54-55
            in antiquity 113-114
            audible 89
            Australian 85-95, 97-108
            BBC 92-93
            Bing Crosby’s 120
            charismatic effect of 52
            of children 38-40, 46, 101-102
            and civilization 46
            clear 89
            coach 78
            and community 12, 14, 15, 40, 114-115
            cultured 80
            Deakin’s 52
            defining territory 4, 113-114
            and deportment 90
            digger’s 11
            disembodied 26, 32, 123-124
            domestic 4, 113
            efficient use of 46
            female 54-55, 90-92, 104
            of friendship 124
            and gentility 64
            of Hitler 119-121
            historians on 1-2, 159
            human 15
            ideal 40
            and identity 4, 13, 26-27, 32
            indistinct 87
            informal 67
            intimate 67
            intonation and inflection 39
            introspective 14
            la-de-da 79-80
            local 4, 113
            and localisms 77, 79
            of machines 22
            mannish 54, 90-91
            mass circulation of 118
            mechanically reproduced 26, 27, 32, 113, 118-121
            middle-class 60
            and modernity 113-114, 121
            musical 88-89
            Naipaul, V.S., and 62-63
            nasal 93
            natural 39, 60, 68, 69, 88, 91-92, 93, 94, 108
            Pauline Hanson’s 120-121
            pleasing 39
            and power 4, 11, 38, 51, 113-121
            print and 4, 114-115, 118, 121
            private 12
            production 66, 77, 78, 94
            public 38-39, 60, 118
            pure 69
            and radio 67, 92-93, 118-120, 123-124
            radius of 113, 118
            and regional accents 77
            remixing of 4, 113, 120-121
            shrill 89
            singing 13
            small 4, 113
            soft 55
            the soul’s true photograph 118
            sourceless 26
            strong 66
            telephone 26
            training 75-78, 87-95, 105-106
            transnational 77-80
            uniform 2, 40, 44-46
            universal 25, 74, 79
            weak 49
            well-modulated 89, 90, 104
            Whitman on 52
vowels
            Australian 3, 86-87, 93, 101-107
Vox record company 25
vulgarisms 14, 45, 103

W

Walker, John 105
Walsh, M. 137
Wanderings in New South Wales, Batavia, Pedir Coast Singapore, and China 99-100
Wanger, Walter 77
war 28, 29
            of talkies 133, 134-135, 137-138, 141, 154
            scene 12
            sounds 15, 16
war cries 113
War of the Worlds 119
Ward, Charles 144
Ward, Russel 61
Warman, Edith (Skinner) 78
Warner Bros. 134, 136, 140
The Wasteland 27
Waterhouse, E. G. 75
Waterhouse, Richard 79
Watson, Alexander 89-90
Weill, Kurt 28
Welles, Orson 119
Wellesley College (USA) 76
Wellings, Ben 97, 107
Wellington (New South Wales, Australia) 75
Wellington (New Zealand) 147
Western Australia 37, 141
Western Electric-ERPI 133-135, 137, 139-142, 144-145, 148, 150-151, 153
Westminster College (Cambridge, UK) 89
Wheale, Nigel 114
whistles 15
White, Richard 61
Whitta, Clifford Nicholls (‘Nicky’), 130
Wildenbruch, Ernst von 118, 120, 121
Williams, Bransby 64, 65
Williams, Raymond 32
Win, Jack 126
Windsor P. Daggett Studio 78
Wintle disc system 145, 147, 149
wireless (see radio)
Wireless Weekly 123-126
Wollongong 128, 130, 154
Woman’s Christian Temperance Union 79
women
            as custodians of culture 116
            and film
            handwriting 117, 117
            journals 90-91
            masculine 54
            and radio 124-125, 127, 128-130
            and reading 117
            singers 118
            as speakers 54-55
            as typists 117
            voices 54, 90-92
            and writing 114
women’s movement
            international 79
Woolley, Bert (‘Uncle Bert’) 129
Wordsworth, William 62, 116
World English 1, 3, 73, 76-77, 79
world peace 77
world understanding 77
World War I (Great War) 15, 16, 19, 21, 27, 30, 35, 61-62, 67, 74, 75, 77
            and broad Australian accent 107
            and the New Woman 118
            and The Sentimental Bloke 107
World War II 32, 84
Woy Woy (Australia) 128
writing 37, 38, 45, 67, 101, 102, 117
            historical 15
            and sound 118
            and women 114, 117

Y

Yecies, Brian 4, 133-158
Yorkshire (UK) 45, 100
Yorkshireman 97