Index

A

‘aaah of things, the’, 187–189
Aboriginal beliefs, 11, 196, 199
            culture, 198
            sacred sites, 2, 11, 192
                        resolving disputes over, 191–204
            sense of the sacred, 44, 47
            traditional religious practices, 2
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act, 1984, 11, 191, 192, 193
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, 2
Aboriginal Australians, 45, 47, 72
            ‘ruthless policy of extermination’, 46
Aboriginal Land Rights, 46, 86
Abraham, 53, 61, 80
Abrahamic faiths, 51
Absolute Good, 188
acculturation
            judicial, 143
            religious, 142, 143
Adam and Eve, 52, 53, 61
advertising, 103, 104
aesthesis, 102
aesthetics, 102
Age of Reason, 184
Ahadith, 56
Aikenhead, Thomas, 31, 32–34, 36, 38
al-Aqsa Intifada, 18, 20, 21, 24
al-Ghazali, 61
Alice Springs dam, 192, 194, 197–199
Allah, 53, 122
Allcard v Skinner, 136, 140
Alliance of Christian Churches of Japan, 156
Amax Iron Ore Corporation, 86
An Account of the Rise and Progress of Mahometanism, 33
Anglican church, 114
Anglo-Catholic theology, 115
anthropologists, 200
            role of, 197
anti-Muslim feelings, 20, 21, 25
anti-Semitism, 82, 84
            in Australia, 17–30
anti-Zionism, 23
Arabian Revolution, 60, 61
arationality, 101, 103, 105
Art, 104
atheism,
            ‘evidential’, 10, 169
            ‘of suspicion’, 10
Australia,
            ‘a new Britannia in another world’, 45
            a secular society, 2
Australian Constitution, 183            , 203
Australian Federation of Islamic Councils, 25
Australian identity, 44
Australian Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act, 86
Australian League of Rights, the, 19
Australian National Action, 21
Australian National Dialogue of Christians, Muslims and Jews, 25, 26, 28
Australian National Socialist Movement, 21
Australian Partnership of Ethnic and Religious Organisations, 25

B

Begin, Menachem, 84
Ben-Gurion, David, 84
BHP, 192, 200
Bidah, 59
bin Laden, Osama, 27
‘blackfella country’, 201–202
blasphemous libel, 35
blasphemy, 1, 2, 3, 7, 11, 17, 110, 115, 116
            abolishing the offence of, 31
            as an attack on civil order
            as an offence to God, 5, 31–41
            as an offence to the believer, 5, 32, 34–38, 116
            attitudes towards, 124–125, 127
            definitions of, 179
            last recorded execution for, 34
            laws of, 4, 31, 32, 43
                        intention of, 36, 43
            modern expressions of, 119–132
            understanding of, 4–6, 34, 39
Blasphemy Report (1994), 116
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich, 10, 175
Boobera Lagoon, 192, 193, 194, 200–201, 202
bourgeois society, 100
Buddhism, 2,
Butler, Eric, 19

C

Calvinist iconoclasm, 112
capitalism, sacralisation of, 104
capitalist secularism, 99
Carpentaria Land Council, 201, 202
category error, 179, 181
Catholic Church, 71, 91
Catholic immanentism, 112
Catholicism, 6, 143
            European, 7
            in Japan, 10
            parallels with Tibetan Buddhist practices, 93
Celtic ‘I AM’ poems, 182
Central Land Council, 191
Century Mine project, 192, 201
Christ Before Caiaphas, 32
Christian pogroms against Jews, 111
Christian political influence in Japan, 148
Christian relics, 91
Christians for Defence of the Constitution, 153
Christianity, 4, 51, 101
            Western European, 109
Christians, Japanese, 10, 147–165
            self-expression, 163
Church of Scientology, 134
Citizens’ Electoral Councils, The, 21
clash of civilisations, 17, 27
clash within civilisations, 17, 27
closure of signification, 100
Coalition of the Willing, 104
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 174
Collected Speeches on Religion, 185
collective identity, 68
commodity aesthetics, 104
commodity relationship, 99, 103
community standards, 9, 10
Confession of Responsibility During World War Two, 154
consciousness, altered states of, 65, 74
consumerism, 104
Coronation Hill dispute, 197, 198
Court, Sir Charles, 86
‘cult of the individual’, 68
‘cult of the state’, 68
cultural diversity, 25
cultural relativism, 11
cyberculture, 99

D

Dalai Lama, 95
Defence of Religious Freedom Day, 152
desacralisation of politics, 114
de Tocqueville, 70
democracy, 8, 180
discrimination, 32, 194
divine order of existence, 52
dogmatism, 10–11
domination
            inexplicit, 9
            structures of, 100
‘Dreaming, the’, 198
Dreaming tracks, 197, 200
Durkheim, Emile, 66
            and the sacred in the social sciences, 66–77

E

ecclesiastical courts, 111
‘effervescence’, 67, 71–72
Enlightenment thinkers, 184
Epicureanism, 110
epistemic closure, 10, 174
equitable doctrine of unconscionable dealings, 137
equitable undue influence, 134, 136, 137, 138
ethics, the sacred and sacrilege as, 179–190
ethnic cleansing, 6, 109
European bourgeoisie, 102
Evatt, Elizabeth, 196
Executive Council of Australian Jewry, 19, 25
exploitation of religious faith, 138
Extension of Charitable Purpose Act 2004, 143

F

faith
            distinguished from idolatry, 174
            as manifestation of psychological disease, 171
faithfulness
            to Christianity, 174
            to truth, 174
Family Provision Act, 1982, 9
family provision legislation, 139, 140, 142
‘Final Solution’, 84
fitra, 52, 53, 61
‘flaw in the nation-building process’, 43, 45
Forrest River Massacres, 87
Forty Days at Musa Dagh, 83
free speech, 2, 32
freedom of speech, 4
functional specialisation, 120

G

Gay News, 4, 31, 35, 38
Geneva Convention, 36
genocide, 21, 79, 81
            Armenian, 79–80, 82–83
German Empire 113
Gibson, Mel, 32
Giotto, 32
Golden Temple, Amritsar, 181
Gott, John William, 35
gift-giving, 135
            relevance in a multicultural society, 133
gifts,
            inter vivos, 133, 134
            legal restraints upon, 133, 134, 140–142
            motivated by religious faith, 133, 134, 139, 141
            negotiating the sacred in law, 135
            testamentary, 9, 10, 133–139
globalisation, 99
God
            existence of, 186
            place of in civil and political matters, 33
            understandings of, 39
 ‘Goodness and Kindness’ program, 26
Gordon-Cumming, Constance, 46
Grueber, Father John, 93
Gulf War (1990–91), 17, 18

H

Hanson, Pauline, 19
Hansonism, 19
Hare Krishna community, 136
Hashem Aghajari affair, 122
Haug, Wolfgang Fritz, 100, 101
heresy, 7, 110, 111, 115
Heritage Bookshop, 20
Himmler, Heinrich, 79
Hindmarsh Bridge case, 11, 191, 198
Hiromachi, Kozaki, 156
Hitler, 21, 47, 80
Holocaust, the, 6, 23, 80, 81, 84, 85
            denial, 19, 20,
            denialism, 82–86
holocaust, 80
House of Lords Select Committee on Religious Offences, 31
holy, the, 186
‘human Being-ness’, 181–190
human bones,
            as art objects, 92, 95
            trafficking in, 92
            in Western art history, 94
Human Development Index, 127
humanism, sacralisation of, 58
Hume, David, 10, 169–171
Huntington, Samuel, 17, 27

I

Ibn Khaldoun, 55
idolatry, 170, 176
ijtihad, 56, 61
Imperial Rescript on Education, 157
In the Will of Thomas Walsh, 138
incommensurable, comparing the, 194–195
indigenous religions, 11
individualism, 104
Indonesia, 129
injustice, 46
institutional differentiation, 120
instrumentalism, 175
intolerance, 9, 76
Iran, 128, 129
Iron Knob, mining at, 199–200
Irving, David, 85
Irving v Lipstadt & Penguin Books, 85–86
Islam, 3
            and humanity, 54, 60
            and natural law, 61
            dissent within, 6
            Golden Age, 60
            in the development of Western thought, 60, 61
            paradox of, 51–62
Islamic community in Australia, 17
Israeli-Palestinian conflict, 21, 23, 27

J

James, William, 43
Japan
            Allied Occupation, 147
            Christian political influence in, 148, 161
                        confrontational approach, 148, 162
            church-state confrontation, background to, 155–163
            freedom of religion, 149
            ineffectiveness of Christian voice in, 147
            negotiating religious identity in, 147–165
            post-war legal system, 149–151
            ‘protest litigation’, 150
            reconstruction period, 163
            removal of prohibition of Christianity, 155
            war guilt, 149, 154, 161
Jesus, 53, 91
Jewish community, 3
            in Australia, 24
Jewish institutions, attacks on, 18, 19
Jihad, 26
Judaism, 3, 51
Judeo-Christian tradition, 9, 142, 181
Judeocide, 80
juridical morality, 71
juridical power, 110
justice, 180

K

Kant, 102
Kanzô, Uchimura, 157, 159
Kirkup, James, 31, 35, 36
knowledge
            Aboriginal notion of, 198
            Western notion of, 198
Kristallnacht, 17
kufr, 122

L

Laqueur, Walter, 21, 22, 24
law, desacralising of, 113–115
Lectures on the Religion of the Semites, 67
L’Hôpital, Chancellor Michel de, 112
liberalism, 67
‘Living in Harmony’ projects, 25
Locke, John, 36, 114
love, faculty for, 188
Lovemarks, 103
Luhmann, Niklas, 120, 126, 128

M

Mabo case, the, 11
‘Made from Human Bones’, 93
Marco Polo, 93
marriage,
            gay, 9
            sanctity of, 9
materialism, 99
metaphysics and morality, 184
mind/body duality, 100
modern society, central feature of, 120
modernity, 33, 48, 54
            challenges of, 51–62
            conditions of, 119, 120, 122, 126, 130
            the normative content of, 70
            relationship with religion, 3, 8, 126, 130
            and religiosity, 127
Mohanty, J.N., 186, 188
morality
            regulatory role of, 121
            universal, 181
Moses, 53, 182
Mossad, 20, 21
mourning customs/paraphernalia, 92
Muhammed, the Prophet, 52, 53, 60, 122, 123
multiculturalism, 3, 5, 8, 33, 43
            Australian, 11, 12
multicultural societies, 43
            negotiating the sacred in, 1–13
Muslim Anti-Semitism: A Clear and Present Danger, 22
Muslim community/society, 3, 17, 55
            in Australia, 24, 123
            secular intellectuals, 57
            secular model in Turkey, 57
mystical experiences, 74
mysticism, 99

N

Nakaya Case, 152
Nasr Hamed Abu Zeid affair, 122
nation-building process, 
National Viewers’ and Listeners’ Association, 35
Native Title legislation, 11
 ‘nature mysticism’, 74
Nazi Germany, 21, 79, 84
Nefesh ha’ Hayyim, 39
negotiating the sacred, 104, 191
            in law, 133–145
            in a multicultural society, 43–50
            the role of the state, 11
negotiation in a pluralistic society, 12
New Advent Catholic Encyclopaedia, 71, 72
New South Wales Council of Christians and Jews, 25
New South Wales Law Reform Commission, 116
New South Wales Jewish Board of Deputies, 17
Nietzsche, 10, 169, 170
            critique of religion/Christianity, 171–172
            Christian response to, 173–175
No Logo, 103
Noonkanbah Station, 86
Northern Territory Government, 191, 192, 197

O

‘obdurate believers’, 9, 141, 142
objective standards, 140–143
offence, 2
One Land, One Law, One Culture, 47
One Land, One Law, One People, 47
One Nation, 19
Oslo Accords, 18

P

Pakistan, 129
            blasphemy in, 123
            Christians, 123
            Islamisation in, 122
            Oxford University Press in, 123
Pauline Hanson’s One Nation, 20
Peace of Westphalia, 113
Pell, Bishop George, 4, 35
People’s Republic of China, The, 95
Peres, Shimon, 83
performance and the profane, 120
pharisaical moralism, 172
‘pharisaism’, 170–172
philosophers and language, 184
Pietists, 114
piety, 185
‘Piss Christ’, 4, 35
‘plastination’, 95–96
pragmatism, 67
prayer, 10
probate undue influence, 134, 137, 138
property, 69
proprietary or pecuniary interests, 194
Protestant church, 111
Protestant Ethic, 99
Protestantism, 6
Professional Ethics and Civic Morals, 68, 70

Q

Qadr, 51
Qur’an, 53, 56, 60

R

Racial and Religious Tolerance Act, 2001, 40
Rainbow Serpent, 200
Ramadan, Tariq, 57
Ramseyer, Robert, 151
rapporteur, role of, 196–197
rationality, 100
Rawls, John, 180, 187
religio, 104
religion
            and blasphemy, overview, 121–123
            and society, 68
            as cultural right, 2
            as deep grammar of society, 69
            as institution, 102
            as social solidarity, 67
            coexistence with capitalism, 104
            Durkheim’s definition of, 67
            freedom of, 3, 8, 9
            in the private sphere, 6
            in the public sphere, 6
            inextricable link with nature, 52
            language of, 184
            philosophy of, 169
            place in society, 1, 126
            privatisation of, 115, 116, 120, 126
            spiritualising of, 113–115
religious
            cleansing, 109
            communities, 116
            conflicts, 1
            criminality, 111
            dialogue, 17–30
            discrimination, 134
            fundamentalists, 6, 10, 17, 170, 174
            language, functions of, 73–74
            peace, 115
            pluralism, 4
            role of institutions in society, 120
            truth, 8
            vilification, 32, 39
            zealots, 17
religiosity
            and blasphemous attitudes, 126, 128
            and blasphemy in Muslim societies, 129
            authentic, 186
            in Malaysia, 127, 128
            modern expressions of, 119–132
Religious Bodies Bill, 159–160
Religious Peace of Augsburg, 113
Renfrewshire witches, 34
‘resurrection men’, 92
‘right relations’, 5, 48
Roche, Jack, 18, 19
Romanticism, 103
‘rumour of angels’, 69
Rushdie, Salman, 4, 31, 122

S

sacralisation, 58
sacralising the profane, 79–88
sacrality, 188
sacramental violence, 112
sacred, the, 2
            Art embodied as, 103
            as a quality, 65
            bourgeois, 99–105
            Catholic definition of, 71
            constructions of, 11
            ‘dynamic boundedness’ of , 100
            ethics, not metaphysics, 179–190
            exclusive province of religion, 183
            existence of, 11
            four characteristics of, 65
            in the social sciences, 66–67
            modern, 102
            nature of, 1, 8
            place of in public lives, 3
            political constructions of, 6
            -profane distinction, 66, 70, 71–73, 110, 112, 115
            profaning the, 79–88
            realm of, 10
            subjectivity of, 188
            taboos around, 70, 71, 74
            the universal, 187
            uses of the term, 73–76
            sense of, 47
source of ethics, 70
            stretching the, 65–77
sacredness and significance, 193
sacrilege, 1, 3, 11, 17, 115
            and blasphemy, 79
            and sacramental violence, 110–112
            and the sacred, 6–7
            as crime against humanity, 189
            criminal sin of, 111
            definitions of, 7, 179
            ethics, not metaphysics, 179–190
            public crime to personal offence, 109–117
Salafi, 59
samsara, 90
Saramago, Jose, 21
Schleiermacher, Friedrich, 184–186, 188
Schuldfrage, 84
Scully, Olga, 19
‘secret women’s business’, 197
secularism, 2, 54
            in Australia, 100
            West as bastion of, 99
            Western democracy and, 60
secularisation, 1, 5, 54, 119, 120, 126, 130
            culture of, 7
            and secularism, 2–4
            of the state, 8
September 11, 2001, 18, 19, 20, 24, 58
Serrano, Andres, 4, 35
servility of the spirit, 174
shadow theocracy, 100
shaki tsûnen (social consensus), 151
Shari’a law, 6, 53, 58
            honest citizenship, 58
Shoah, 23, 80
‘Shoah business’, 82
Shôwa Emperor (Hirohito), 147
            funeral of, 147, 151
Shôwa era, 148
skull-cap, 94
Smith, William Robertson, 67
Society, place of religion in, 1
special disadvantage, 137
spiritual influence, 135
spiritualism, 76
Stephens, A.G., 43, 44
St Foy’s bones, 91
Stoicism, 110
Stubbe, Henry, 33
suicide bombings, 21
sunnah, 56
suspicion, 175
            the scalpel of, 169–177
suspicious circumstances doctrine, 134, 137

T

tajdid, 56
Tampa, 24
taqlid, 56
Tawhid, 51
Taylor’s Case, 35
‘technocracies of sensuousness’, 100, 101, 102, 104
terra nullius, 45
‘testosterone Islam’, 59
thangkas, 89, 90, 94
The Antichrist, 172
The Canterbury Tales, 91
The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life, 67
‘The Love That Dares to Speak Its Name’, 35
The Natural History of Religion, 171
The Passion of the Christ, 32
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, 20, 22
The Recollections of Georryer Hamly, 45
The Satanic Verses,4, 31
The Trustees of Church Property of the Diocese of Newcastle v Ebbeck, 138–139
The Varieties of Religious Experience, 43
Thirty Years War, 113
Thomasius, Christian, 114, 115, 116
Three Religions Conference, 156, 157
Thus Spake Zarathustra, 169
Tibetan culture,
            aestheticisation of, 7
            commodification of, 7, 94
            museum exhibitions of, 92, 93, 94
            religious artefacts of, 7, 89–98
            sky burial, 89–90
            Western attitude towards, 93
Tibetan symbolism, 89
Tickner, Robert, 191, 194, 201
Tilmouth, Tracker, 202
Toben, Dr Frederick, 19
Todd River, 192
tolerance, 9, 104
            and the state, 7–10
            religious, 12
toleration, 2, 3, 5, 8, 11, 114
transcendence
            aspiration toward, 52
            desire for, 101, 105
Tsu City case, 151, 152

U

ulama, 55, 56, 129
            decline of, 57
ul-Haq, President Zia, 122
unconscionable dealings, 134
United Church of Christ in Japan, 154
United Nations Universal Declaration on Human Rights, 60
unity of being, 182
Upanishads, 187
US-Japan Security Treaty, 153

V

van Tongeren, Jack, 18, 19
Vidal-Naquet, Pierre, 83, 85
violence, threat of, 202–203
Volozhiner, Rabbi Hayim, 39
von Hagens, Gunther, 89, 95

W

War on Terror, 26, 99
Wassermann, Jacob, 21
Wenn v Howard, 139
Werfel, Franz, 83
Western liberalism, 61
‘White Australia Policy’, 44, 45
white Australians, 197, 199
white supremacy, 20
Whitehouse, Mary, 4, 35, 36, 37
Wiesel, Elie, 80, 81
Williams, Michael, 75–76
wills, 9, 10
‘wise and just testator’, 9, 10
Wistrich, Robert, 22
witchcraft, 7, 110, 111, 115
Women’s Interfaith Network, 25

X

xenophobia, 5, 24, 46

Y

Yahweh, 182
Yanner, Murrandoo, 202
Yasakuni Shrine, 152, 153

Z

Zionism, 23