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Transforming Hawai‘i

Appendix 2: Firearms in Hawai‘i, 1786–96

Table 2A.1: From ‘Expenditures for the Columbia’s Outfit and Cargo’, September 1790

Remarks

John Derby

1 pair of 4 pounders

Ships’ armament rather than trade items?

1 pair of 3 pounders

4 pairs of swivels

One Iron Cabouse

Carting gunns etc

D. Harthorne

freight of gunns from Salem

Jos. Callender Senr

135 lb shot at 3d and 1 cartridge box

Robt. & Joshua Davis

3 doz. handspikes

John Andrews

nails

In part, for ships’ use?

Elisha Sigourney

71 lb. grape shot

Jos. Coolidge

31 bullet moulds

1 doz. common spikes

Under ‘cargo’

a lot of barr iron

In part for ship’s use?

45 quatre cast powder

6 1/2 barrels powder

20 doz. cuttoe knives

Listed under individual crew

(1, 8, 4, 4, 3, 4, 5, 3) = 32 musketts

from ‘government’

100 musketts

8 blunderbuses

Source: Howay (1941 pp. 443, 463).

Table 2A.2: Post-voyage inventory of Cptn Charles Bishop after a voyage to the north-west Pacific coast and Hawai‘i, March 1796 (Canton)

Expenditure

a) To purchase furs, includes

23 half-barrels of powder

64 musketts

15 pistols

5,000 flints

79 1/2 dozen knives

b) To purchase 192 leather war dresses (NW Pacific Coast?)

10 pounds of powder

4 musketts

8 silver hilt swords

3 tin powder flasks

? cwt muskett ball

c) Provisions (Hawai‘i and NW Pacific Coast?)

24 1/2 bars of iron

2 cwt 3.0 lead balls and shot

12 half-barrels powder

2 musketts

11 dozen knives

6 bars of steel

d) Breakages

2 pistols (burst)

1 muskett damaged

e) Goods disposed off at Falklands and Sandwich Islands (not separated in inventory)

1 half-barrel powder

5 yds cloth

1 Fowling gun

2 Hatts

2 dozen knives

3 razors

European cargo remaining at Canton, March 1796

16 half-barrels of gun powder

127 trade guns

23 pistols

5,000 flints

10 cwt 2.0 lead ball and shot

40 hatchets

9 dozen Japanese powder flasks

Source: Roe (1967, pp. 162–66).


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