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In from the Cold


John C. Blaxland is Professor of International Security and Intelligence Studies, Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and formerly Head of the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre (SDSC) at The Australian National University (ANU). He holds a PhD in war studies from the Royal Military College of Canada, an MA in History from ANU, a BA (Hons) from the University of New South Wales, and is a graduate of the Royal Thai Army Command and Staff College and the Royal Military College, Duntroon (Blamey Scholar, 1986). He is a former director Joint Intelligence Operations (J2) at Headquarters Joint Operations Command and was Australia’s Defence Attaché to Thailand and Burma/Myanmar. He is a member of the editorial board of the Australian Army Journal and an occasional media commentator. His published works include The Secret Cold War (co-authored with Dr Rhys Crawley; 2016), East Timor Intervention (2015), The Protest Years (2015), The Australian Army from Whitlam to Howard (2014), Strategic Cousins (2006) and Signals: Swift and Sure (1998).

Bob Breen is an associate professor of Strategic Studies at Deakin University, and was formerly on staff at SDSC. Professor Breen graduated from the Royal Military College, Duntroon, in 1973. His first assignment to peace support operations came in 1993 in Somalia; he then continued in Rwanda, the Middle East and East Timor. He is the author of First to Fight, about Australia’s role in the Vietnam War, and a number of books on peacekeeping. Dr Breen is joint author of the fourth volume of the Official History of Australian Peacekeeping, Humanitarian and Post–Cold War Operations, The Limits of Peacekeeping: Australian Peacekeeping in Internal Conflicts, 1993–2006 (2018), and sole author of the fifth volume, The Good Neighbour: Australian Peace Support Operations in the Pacific Islands, 1980–2006 (2016).

Liam P. Brewin Higgins is a research assistant at SDSC. In from the Cold: Reflections on Australia’s Korean War is his first publication as an editor. Liam tutors in international security studies and history courses at the Tjabal Indigenous Higher Education Centre, ANU. He has received a number of scholarships for pursuing studies abroad, including a Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade New Colombo Plan Short Term Mobility Grant (2017). He is in his final year of a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of International Security Studies, majoring in international security and history at ANU.

Rowan Callick OBE graduated with BA (Hons) from Exeter University, England. He worked as a journalist and publisher in Papua New Guinea for 10 years, then for 20 years for the Australian Financial Review, including as a China correspondent based in Hong Kong from 1996 to 2000, then Asia-Pacific editor. He joined the Australian as China correspondent from 2006 to 2009 in Beijing, before becoming a Melbourne-based Asia-Pacific editor, then returning to Beijing as China correspondent from 2016 to 2018. On his return he became an Industry Fellow at Griffith University’s Asia Institute while remaining a regular columnist for the Australian. He has been a member of the Foreign Minister’s Foreign Affairs Council, and is a fellow of the Australian Institute of International Affairs. He was appointed OBE on the recommendation of the Papua New Guinea Government in 2015. His publications include Comrades and Capitalists: Hong Kong Since the Handover (1998), Channar: A Landmark Venture in Iron Ore (2012), and Party Time: Who Runs China and How (2013). He has won the Graham Perkin Award for Australian journalist of the year, and two Walkley Awards for coverage of Hong Kong and China.

Peter Edwards AM is Official Historian for the Official History of Australia’s Involvement in Southeast Asian Conflicts, 1948–1975, and has a major research interest in the development of Australia’s alliances in this period. He is a graduate of the universities of Western Australia and Oxford, and was a Rhodes Scholar. He is an honorary professor at Deakin University, Melbourne, and a visiting professor at the Australian Defence Force Academy, University of New South Wales. In 2009, he was made a Fellow of the Australian Institute for International Affairs.

Rebecca Fleming specialises in researching the role of women in war. Her PhD thesis was the first major study to examine the experiences of Australian army and air force nurses in the Korean War. She completed her PhD, ‘Forgotten women of the forgotten war: Australian nurses in the Korean War, 1950–1956’, at the University of New England in 2011, and has since become a historian in the Australian Public Service. Dr Fleming’s research interests include social and cultural history, with a focus on the experiences of Australian women during periods of conflict. Her publications include The First of Its Kind: A History of the New South Wales Institute of Educational Research (2008) and ‘Making the invisible link visible: The symbiotic relationship between the paid and voluntary labour of women in the NSW Institute for Educational Research’ (Australian Journal on Volunteering, 2007). In 2017, she wrote the six-episode series Total War for Wildbear Entertainment, and is working on a new series.

Cameron Forbes has worked as a European, Asian and US correspondent for the Age and the Australian. He has reported from a number of conflict areas, including the Middle East, Rwanda, Afghanistan and Bougainville, and in 2010 received a Walkley Award for most outstanding contribution to journalism. He is the author of several books, including The Korean War: Australia in the Giants’ Playground (2011) and Australia on Horseback: The Story of the Horse and the Making of a Nation (2014).

Richard P. Hallion is a former historian of the United States Air Force, was a founding museum curator at the National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, held the General Harold Keith Johnson Chair of Military History at the US Army War College, and has served as a senior adviser on aerospace technology and policy for the Secretary of the Air Force. Dr Hallion serves as an adviser to the Royal Air Force Centre for Air Power Studies and as a trustee of the Florida Polytechnic University; he is also a consultant to various organisations including the Mitchell Institute of the Air Force Association. He is a Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the Royal Aeronautical Society and the Royal Historical Society. His books include The Naval Air War in Korea (1986).

David Horner AM served as an infantry platoon commander in Vietnam in 1971, and is Emeritus Professor of Australian Defence History at SDSC and a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia. As well as being the author or editor of more than 30 books, he is the Official Historian of Australian Peacekeeping, Humanitarian and Post–Cold War Operations and wrote two of the six volumes: Australia and the ‘New World Order’ (2011) and The Good International Citizen: Australian Peacekeeping in Asia, Africa and Europe, 1991–1993 (with John Connor; 2014). He was jointly awarded the 2015 Prime Minister’s Literary Award for Australian History for his book, The Spy Catchers: The Official History of ASIO, 1949–1963. In 2016, he received the ANU Chancellor’s Award for distinguished contributions to ANU.

Michael Kelly served as a rifleman in the 8th/9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, and is a historian in the Military History Section at the Australian War Memorial. He has a special interest in Australia’s role in the Korean War, and is writing a book on combat operations for Cambridge University Press. He has led a number of Australian battlefield tours, and is working towards completing his undergraduate degree at the University of New England, majoring in history.

Colin Khan DSO AM is a retired brigadier who was a commander during the static phase of the Korean War, during which he led numerous fighting and reconnaissance patrols until seriously wounded on Hill 355 during a night patrol. He was mentioned in dispatches for his Korean War service, and commanded the 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, in Vietnam between 1969 and 1970, for which he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order.

Xiaobing Li is Professor and Chairman of the Department of History and Geography, Director of the Western Pacific Institute at the University of Central Oklahoma, and executive editor of The Chinese Historical Review. His research interests include the Cold War, Sino-US relations and Chinese military history. Among his recent books are East Asia and the West (2019), The Cold War in East Asia (2018), Power vs Law in Modern China (co-author with Qiang Fang; 2017), Urbanization and Party Survival in China (co-editor with Xiansheng Tian; 2017), Modern China (2016), Ethnic China (co-editor with Patrick Fuliang Shan; 2015), Oil (co-editor with Michael Molina; 2014), Evolution of Power (co-editor with Xiansheng Tian; 2014), China’s War for Korea (2014), Legal Reforms in China (co-editor with Qiang Fang; 2013), China at War (2011), Voices from the Vietnam War (2010), Civil Liberties in China (2010), A History of the Modern Chinese Army (2007), Voices from the Korean War (co-author with Richard Peters; 2003) and Mao’s Generals Remember Korea (co-editor with Allan R. Millett and Bin Yu; 2001).

Jack McCaffrie served with the Royal Australian Navy until he retired as a commodore in 2003. He is the author of many papers on sea power issues, and is a Visiting Fellow at the RAN’s Sea Power Centre and at the Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security, University of Wollongong. McCaffrie recently received his PhD from the University of Wollongong. His current research projects include a history of the Pacific Patrol Boat Program and the development of the Royal Australian Navy between 1955 and 1983.

Allan R. Millett is a retired colonel in the US Marine Corps Reserve, Ambrose Professor of History at the University of New Orleans, and senior military adviser to the National World War II Museum. He was previously Associate Director of the Mershon Center for International Security Studies at Ohio State University. Since 1995 he has published five books on the Korean War, including two volumes of a projected three-volume history of the war, The War for Korea: A House Burning, 1945–1950 (2005) and The War for Korea: They Came from the North, 1950–1951 (2010). Five of his books have been translated into Mandarin. He is the co-author of a military history of the United States and the Second World War, a Fulbright Distinguished Visiting Professor in Korea and a senior fellow of the Korea Foundation.

Jongnam Na is a professor of the Department of Military History, Korea Military Academy at Seoul. He graduated from the Korea Military Academy in 1993 and received his MA in history from Segang University in 1997 and his PhD in history from the University of North Carolina in 2006. He is an active duty infantry officer and lieutenant colonel of the ROK Army. His main research interests are military history, the history of the Cold War, wars in Asia, the Korean War, the US–South Korea military relationship and the military cultures of Asian countries. Dr Na’s recent publications include Sixty Key Battles of the Korean War (2010), The Stories of Student Soldiers during the Korean War (with the ROK Military History Compilation Committee; 2012) and The Military Operations of the Korean War (2018). He is working on a project on military decorations and awards during the Korean War.

Robert O’Neill AO chairs the International Academy Advisory Committee for the United States Studies Centre at the University of Sydney. He graduated from Duntroon in 1958 and served in the Australian Army as an officer during the Vietnam War before completing his doctorate at Oxford University. Professor O’Neill has been the head of SDSC, Director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London and Chichele Professor of the History of War at the University of Oxford, and has chaired the Council of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and the Council of Trustees of the Imperial War Museum. As Australia’s official historian of the Korean War, he has published two volumes of the history: Strategy and Diplomacy (1981) and Combat Operations (1985). He was series editor of The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918 (1981–89).

William Purves CBE DSO GBM was called for national service at the age of 18 and was later commissioned into the King’s Own Scottish Borderers serving the majority of his national service during the Korean War. Sir William received his Distinguished Service Order after experiencing considerable front-line action during the Korean War. After the war, Purves moved on to work for the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, rising to become chief executive and later chairman. He has served on a number of boards of small and large companies, including the Shell Transport and Trading Company Limited. Sir William is a trustee of the National Museums of Scotland and the Imperial War Museum.

Nigel Steel is Principal Historian at the Imperial War Museum (IWM), London, where he has worked since 1988. He was Head of the Research and Information Department from 1999 to 2006, and spent a two-year period at the Australian War Memorial, where he completed the Korean War Gallery. Upon returning to the United Kingdom, Steel became Principal Historian for the IWM’s First World War Centenary Programme. His research interests include First World War military operations, military awards for bravery, the 1st Commonwealth Division in the Korean War, and Second World War prisoners of war. His publications include The Battlefields of Gallipoli: Then and Now (1990), Gallipoli (1999) within the Battleground Europe series, and a number of works co-authored with Peter Hart, such as Defeat at Gallipoli (1994), Passchendaele: The Sacrificial Ground (2000) and Jutland 1916: Death in the Grey Wastes (2003).

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