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Australia’s Fertility Transition

List of tables

Table 2.1 Age-specific marital fertility rates, New South Wales, 1871, 1881, 1891 and 1901

Table 2.2 Number of children ever born to women marrying in South Australia, 1842–46, 1875–79 and 1885–89

Table 2.3 Average number of children by husband’s occupation group in South Australia, 1842–46, 1875–79 and 1885–89 marriage cohorts

Table 2.4 Average number of children ever born by birth cohort of married women by metropolitan/non-metropolitan location, Australia, 1911

Table 2.5 Index of marital fertility (Ig) for urban and rural areas, selected colonies of Australia, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911

Table 2.6 Average number of children ever born to married women by religion, selected groups, Australia, 1911

Table 2.7 Average number of children of married women who completed childbearing by 1901, by age at marriage and religious denomination, NSW 1901 census

Table 2.8 Average number of children ever born to married women by birth cohort and birthplace, Australia, 1911

Table 3.1 Population of Tasmania: 1822, 1832, 1842 and 1857

Table 3.2 Population of Tasmania: 1861, 1870, 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911

Table 3.3 Female population by age, Tasmania, 1861, 1870, 1881 and 1891

Table 3.4 Male population by age, Tasmania, 1861, 1870, 1881 and 1891

Table 3.5 Birthplace of the Tasmanian population, 1870, 1881 and 1891

Table 3.6 Population by religion, Tasmania, 1842, 1851, 1861, 1870 and 1891

Table 3.7 State school students and attendance, Tasmania, 1870, 1881, 1891 and 1901

Table 3.8 Proportion of the population who could read and write, Tasmania, 1861, 1870, 1881, 1891 and 1901

Table 4.1 Unregistered births and total births for children born in Tasmania, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 4.2 Couples with unregistered births in Tasmania as a proportion of couples with at least one birth in Tasmania, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.1 Type of marriage: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.2 Marital status of husband and wife, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.3 Wife’s age at marriage, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.4 Husband’s age at marriage, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.5 Age difference between husband and wife at marriage, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.6 Type of religion at marriage, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.7 Whether husband and/or wife signed the marriage register, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.8 Husband’s occupational group (HISCO) at the birth of the first child, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.9 Husband’s socioeconomic status (HISCLASS) at the birth of the first child, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.10 Husband’s socioeconomic status at the birth of the first child, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.11 Occupational characteristics of husbands between first and last births for couples with more than one child, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.12 Type of location of first birth, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.13 Location of all births, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 5.14 Changes in type of geographic location (urban, rural, outside Tasmania) during the period between the first and last births for couples with more than one child, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.1 Number of children ever born, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.2 Couples with multiple births, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.3 Mean and median numbers of children by singleton/multiple births, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.4 Infant and child mortality rates, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.5 Proportion of families with at least one infant and/or child death, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.6 Number of deaths for families experiencing at least one death of an infant and/or young child, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.7 Mean and median numbers of children by mother’s age at marriage, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.8 Mean and median numbers of children by difference in age between husbands and wives for women marrying aged 20–24 years, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.9 Mean and median numbers of children by husband’s socioeconomic status at first birth, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.10 Mean and median numbers of children by location at first birth, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.11 Mean and median numbers of children by location of family births, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.12 Mean and median numbers of children by religion at marriage, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.13 Mean and median numbers of children by parents’ literacy, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 6.14 Parity progression ratios, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.1 Age at marriage for women with children in their first marriage, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.2 Age at first birth, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.3 Age at last birth, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.4 Mean (median) age at last birth by age at marriage, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.5 Interval between marriage and first birth, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.6 First interbirth interval, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.7 Second interbirth interval, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.8 Last interbirth intervals, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.9 Mean overall birth interval by number of children, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.10 Parity of last birth, where last birth interval is six years or more, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.11 Length of the penultimate interval, where last birth interval is six years or more, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.12 Age of mother at the penultimate birth, where last birth interval is six years or more, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.13 Families with long last birth intervals where the gap between death of a child and last birth was less than six years (seven families), complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.14 Mean children ever born, mean age of mother at first birth, mean age of mother at last birth and mean birth interval, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.15 Impact of age at first birth, age at last birth and birth intervals for children ever born, McDonald method, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.16 Logistic regression of the probability that a birth is the last, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.17 Estimated effects (relative risks) of various characteristics on the time to the next birth (closed birth intervals), complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.18a Estimated (significant) effects (relative risks) of various characteristics on parity progression from a piecewise exponential hazard model, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table 7.18b Estimated (significant) effects (relative risks) of various characteristics on parity progression from a piecewise exponential hazard model, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table A.1 Mean children ever born to married women by birth cohort, Australian censuses, 1911 and 1921

Table A.2 Number of children ever born by birth cohort of married women, Australian census, 1921

Table A.3 Number of children ever born by birth cohort of married women, Australian census, 1911

Table A.4 Net migration, Tasmania, 1861–1900

Table A.5 Female population aged 15–49 years, 1861, 1870, 1881 and 1891, Tasmania

Table A.6 Male population aged 15–49 years, 1861, 1870, 1881 and 1891, Tasmania

Table A.7 Population by occupation, 1842 and 1851, Tasmania

Table A.8 Population by occupation, Tasmania, 1861 and 1870

Table A.9 Population by occupation, Tasmania, 1881 and 1891

Table A.10 Population by occupation, Tasmania, 1891, 1901 and 1911

Table A.11 Males aged 20 years and older, occupation by class, Tasmania, 1881

Table A.12 Males aged 20 years and older, occupation by class, Tasmania, 1891

Table A.13 Males aged 20 years and older, occupation by class, Tasmania, 1901

Table A.14 Females by occupation and marital status, Tasmania, 1911

Table A.15 Major towns in Tasmania, 1881, 1891 and 1901

Table A.16 Marriage outcomes for incomplete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table A.17 Proportion of families by number of children, complete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table A.18 Infant and child mortality, incomplete group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table A.19 Infant and child mortality, unobserved group: 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table A.20 Age at last birth by age at marriage, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table A.21 Mean birth interval by birth order, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table A.22 Distribution of covariates for logistic regression (Table 7.16)

Table A.23 Predicted probability that a birth is the last by socioeconomic status, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table A.24 Predicted probability that a birth is the last by socioeconomic status for women who married at 20–24 years, gave birth at 30+ years with a husband the same age or 1–4 years older, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table A.25 Predicted probability that a birth is the last by urban/rural location, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table A.26 Predicted probability that a birth is the last by urban/rural location for women who married at 20–24 years, gave birth at 30+ years with a husband the same age or 1–4 years older, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table A.27 Proportion of women who have at least a specific number of surviving children, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania

Table A.28 Distribution of covariates for survival analysis (Table 7.17)

Table A.29 Estimated effects (relative risks) of various characteristics on the time to the next birth (closed birth intervals), interaction model, complete group: 1860/70, 1880 and 1890 marriage cohorts, Tasmania


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