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The Bible in Buffalo Country

Appendix A: Aboriginal names mentioned in the records, 1925–31

The paucity of Aboriginal names in the mission records is sadly reflective of the time. Despite over 60,000 words of correspondence published in this volume, only 25 names are given for people living at or around the Oenpelli mission. Many of these are only mentioned once, often regarding baptism classes or death. We present here a list of Aboriginal names for people who were associated with the mission at this time. Table 1 includes all references to named Aboriginal people in the sources published in this volume. Table 2 includes further names in other documents. This is not a comprehensive list of all at Oenpelli at the time, but a compilation of those mentioned in some written sources. The original sources may have made errors or omissions.

Table 1: Aboriginal people at Oenpelli mentioned in documents used in this work

Name (as recorded)

Other names and alternative spellings

Who they were

Arawingi

Arrawindji

Arawindju

Lazarus

Young man living at mission station. Lost a leg in buffalo camp incident.

Argawalmie

Woman living on station

Buranali

Man living at mission station

Carabumba

Carambumba

Garabbunba

Elizabeth

Gumurdul

Ngalmandjurlngunj (clan)

Ngalkodjok (skin name)

Young girl/woman living in dormitory

Caryl

Karil

Rachel

Young girl

Denajong

Young boy suffering from leprosy

Elmareri

Young girl living in dormitory

Elmynjalinmag

Young girl in dormitory

Elwyndiwyndi

Young girl in dormitory

Galinower

Galinawa

Young girl in dormitory

Gamarad

Joseph

Gamardadj

Girrabul

Sarmard

Samard

Young man living in dormitory, married Elizabeth Garabbunba (‘Carabumba’).

One of first pupils in Mrs Dyer’s school class.

Garijala (Garreejarlar) Gurijula

Woman suffering from leprosy

Garijala

Garidjala

Rebecca

Young girl living in dormitory

Garynjulu

Gurindjulu

Mary

Garnarradj

Hazel

Aboriginal-Malay girl living in dormitory

Jaragalgal

Djeragalgal

Nadanek (clan)

Young girl in dormitory

Nagal

Nagel

Philip

Young man living in dormitory

Naganiki

Young stockman

Naluwad

Frank

Naluwud

Naluweed

Narlowieol

Narluweed

Girrabul

Lost a leg after being accidentally shot in a buffalo camp.

Former cattle killer turned worker at the mission station.

Known to use his crutch to hit missionaries and their wives.

Narlbrett

Nangalbered

Young boy in dormitory.

Child of Bagul and Madjiagu.

Narlumbeal

Billy

Old man living at mission station

Narlym

Narlim

Naalim

Ngalmandjurlngunj (clan)

Stockman.

Son of Nipper Marakarra and Alaamin (Ngalamin).

Brother to Elizabeth Garabbunba (‘Carabumba’).

Married to Djeragalgal.

Daughter was Guluba (Peggy Balmana).

Narma Ramagul

Young stockman

Narpyn

Napaim

Living in the dormitory.

Younger brother to Elizabeth Garabbunba (‘Carabumba’).

Nipper

Marakarra

Gumurdul

Maraggara

Kumutun

Ngalmandjurlngunj (clan)

Nawamud (skin name)

Senior Traditional Owner for Oenpelli

Paddy

Stockman.

Had originally worked for Paddy Cahill and stayed on after he left.

First person Dyer baptised after his ordination (Paddy was dying).

Buried in cemetery near ‘white’ settler.

Quilp

Quilp was originally Paddy Cahill’s main stockman and continued to work in Oenpelli when the mission took over.

It is rumoured he was either a survivor of massacre near Wave Hill adopted by Cahill or he was Cahill’s biological son.

Quilp was married to local woman Magarorda.

Stumpy

Man living on station.

Former cattle killer who came into mission when sick.

First Aboriginal person buried in Oenpelli cemetery (but traditional ceremony took place).

Waranbiyga

Biddy

Woman living on station, good cook, stepmother to Elizabeth Garabbunba (‘Carabumba’).

Wife to Nipper Marakarra.

Left mission to live out bush.

Table 2: Aboriginal people at Oenpelli recorded in other documents

Name

Other contemporary and later names and alternative spellings

Association

Reference

Alaamin

Ngalamin

Mother of Mick Walumak (from her first husband).

Mother to Elizabeth Garabbunba (‘Carabumba’), Narlim, Kuluba, Narpyn (Napaim),

and Manmuruk from second husband Nipper Marakarra.

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 23

Algandali

Young girl in class

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 18

Bagul

First wife called Madjiagu. Together they had four children: Galiwal, Nangalbered, Merdeki and Narin.

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 20

Bill Neidji

Neiji

Nakamarrang (skin name)

Brought to Oenpelli mission by relative called Maudie.

‘The smartest Aboriginal kid I ever taught’ (Nell Harris).

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 18

Cingoomba

Young wife to Nipper Marakarra

NTRS 693 part 1 (Dyer Story 8), n.p. ‘A black prince and princess’

David Namilmil

Mangiru

Namirlmirl

Nawamud (skin name)

Married to Hannah

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 18

Dolly Yarnmarlu

Ngalkodjok (skin name)

Wife of Nipper Marakarra.

Two children died in infancy.

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 23

Gadjag

Brother to Caryl (Rachel). Had leprosy.

Died out bush.

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 16

Galiwal

Eldest son of Bagul and Madjiagu

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 20

Ganawulu

From Fish Creek

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 23

Gararu

Sarah

Worked in kitchen

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 16

Herbert Yupidj

Originally worked for Paddy Cahill and stayed on with mission

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 23

Jingumi

Wife of Nipper Marakarra.

Mother of Frank Djenjdjulng (adopted by Nipper).

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 23

Kanowla

Man living at station. Discussed rock paintings with Dyer.

NTRS 693 part 1 (Dyer Story 8), n.p. ‘Native Drawings’

Mabrima

Girl in dormitory.

Died from snake bite.

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 13

Madjiagu

First wife of Bagul.

Mother of Galiwal, Nangalbered, Merdeki and Narin.

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 20

Magarorda

Wife of Quilp.

Helped Mrs Dyer with dispensary on Saturdays.

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 21

Mainbara

Wife of Nipper Marakarra

Mother to Donald Gumurdul, Julie Julunguru (Narndal), Anne Marrabib, Agnes Birriwilik and Helen Alngalgindja.

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 23

Majumbu

From Nimbuwar area.

First wife named Badjbadjuk.

Father of Namadomarndo.

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 23

Mamarandja

Girl in dormitory

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 13

Manakini

Priscilla

Girl in dormitory

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 13

Manguru

Father of David Namirlmirl

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 23

Marawuna

Rebecca

Girl in dormitory

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 13

Mary

Baby of Elizabeth Garabbunba (‘Carabumba’) and Gamarad. Died during whooping cough epidemic.

Buried in cemetery against her father’s wishes.

NTRS 693 part 1 (Dyer Story 8), n.p. ‘A black prince and princess’

Mengudja

Samuel

Garnaradj

Baptised Easter 1933

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 74

Merdeki

Child of Bagul and Madjiagu

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 20

Minyeiwi

Worked in kitchen

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 16

Munipa

Esther (baptism name)

Jessie

Muniba

Manakgu

Taken to live at Oenpelli mission by her family when very young.

Lived in dormitory.

Chapter 6, this volume.

See also Cole, History of Oenpelli, 45; Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 13

Namadomarndo

Son of Majumbu from Nimbuwar area and Badjbadjuk

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 23

Namala

Worked in the garden. Husband of Dorcas Garmarradj.

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 23

Narin

Child of Bagul and Madjiagu

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 20

Ngandali

Dorcas

Girl in dormitory

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 13

Old Major Burrirlirl

Originally worked for Paddy Cahill and stayed on with mission.

Skilled artist who made bark paintings for Dyer.

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 23

NTRS 693 part 1 (Dyer Story 8), n.p. ‘Native Drawings’

Rambler

Nadambala

Cahill

Given strap for continually running off with other men’s wives

NTRS 693 part 1 (Dyer Story 8), 43

Ramilla

Romula

Romlo

This is most likely Romula, who also worked with Paddy Cahill.

Noted as having been in contact with mission since its inception.

First man Dyer trained to use plough.

Dyer knew he had escaped from prison for poisoning Paddy Cahill.

Cole, History of Oenpelli, 42

NTRS 693 part 1 (Dyer Story 8), 49

Ruth Nellie

Baptised Easter 1933

Cole, Oenpelli Pioneer, 74

Walamada

Boy in school.

Father to Jacob.

Mother called Perriwig.

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 19, 21

Yarraminni

Storyteller, male

NTRS 693 part 1 (Dyer Story 8), 32

Yimulugulu

Girl in dormitory.

Died from snake bite.

Harris, Field Has Its Flowers, 13


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