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The Bible in Buffalo Country


Albrecht, Glenn, Clive R. McMahon, David M. J. S. Bowman and Corey J. A. Bradshaw. ‘Convergence of Culture, Ecology, and Ethics: Management of Feral Swamp Buffalo in Northern Australia’. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22, no. 4 (2009): 361–78.

Allen, F. Jim. ‘Archaeology and the History of Port Essington’. PhD thesis, The Australian National University, Canberra, 1969.

Altman, Jon. Hunter-Gatherers Today: An Aboriginal Economy in North Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1987.

Austin-Broos, Diane. Arrernte Present, Arrernte Past: Invasion, Violence, and Imagination in Indigenous Central Australia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Australia Royal Commission on the Northern Territory and N. K. Ewing. Minutes of Evidence. Melbourne: A.J. Mullett, Govt. Printer, 1920.

Baker, Gwenda. ‘Crossing Boundaries: Negotiated Space and the Construction of Narratives of Missionary Incursion’. Journal of Northern Territory History 16 (2005): 17–28.

Berndt, Ronald M. and Catherine H. Berndt. Man, Land & Myth: The Gunwinggu People. Sydney: Ure Smith, 1970.

Bowman, David M. J. S. and Cathy J. Robinson. ‘The Getting of the Nganabbarru: Observations and Reflections on Aboriginal Buffalo Hunting in Northern Australia’. Australian Geographer 33, no. 2 (2010): 191–206.

Centre for 21st Century Humanities. ‘Colonial Massacres Map’. University of Newcastle. Accessed 17 July 2019.

Chaloupka, George. Journey in Time: The World’s Longest Continuing Art Tradition: The 50,000-Year Story of the Australian Aboriginal Rock Art of Arnhem Land. Chatswood, NSW: Reed, 1993.

Choo, Christine. Mission Girls: Aboriginal Women on Catholic Missions in the Kimberley, Western Australia, 1900–1950. Crawley: University of Western Australia Press, 2001.

Church Missionary Society of Australia. Decade: The Story of the Australian C.M.S. from 1953–1963. Sydney: Church Missionary Society of Australia, 1963.

Clark, Marshall and Sally K. May, eds. Macassan History and Heritage: Journeys, Encounters and Influences. Canberra: ANU E Press, 2013.

Clarke, Henry Lowther. Report of the Church Congress Held at Melbourne, 19th to 24th November, 1906. Melbourne: [The Congress], 1906.

Clarkson, C., Z. Jacobs, B. Marwick, R. Fullagar, L. Wallis, M. Smith, R. G. Roberts, E. Hayes, K. Lowe, X. Carah, S. A. Florin, J. McNeil, D. Cox, L. J. Arnold, Q. Hua, J. Huntley, H. E. A. Brand, T. Manne, A. Fairbairn, J. Shulmeister, L. Lyle, M. Salinas, M. Page, K. Connell, G. Park, K. Norman, T. Murphy and C. Pardoe. ‘Human Occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago’. Nature 547 (2017): 306–10.

Clinch, M. A. ‘Cahill, Patrick (Paddy) (1863–1923)’. Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, The Australian National University. First published 1979. Accessed 17 July 2019.

Cole, Keith. From Mission to Church: The CMS Mission to the Aborigines of Arnhem Land, 1908–1985. Bendigo: Keith Cole Publications, 1985.

——. A History of Oenpelli. Darwin: Nungalinya Publications, 1975.

——. Oenpelli Pioneer: A Biography of the Reverend Alfred John Dyer, Pioneer Missionary among the Aborigines in Arnhem Land and Founder of the Oenpelli Mission. Parkville, Vic.: Church Missionary Historical Publications, 1972.

——. Sharing in Mission: The Centenary History of the Victorian Branch of the Church Missionary Society, 1892–1992. Bendigo: Keith Cole Publications, 1992.

——. A Short History of the C.M.S. Roper River Mission, 1908–1968. Parkville, Vic.: Church Missionary Historical Publications Trust, 1968.

Cruickshank, Joanna and Patricia Grimshaw. White Women, Aboriginal Missions and Australian Settler Governments: Maternal Contradictions. Leiden: Brill, 2019.

David, Bruno, Paul S. C. Taçon, Jean-Jacques Delannoy and Jean-Michel Geneste, eds. The Archaeology of Rock Art in Western Arnhem Land, Australia. Terra Australis 47. Canberra: ANU Press, 2017.

Dewar, Michelle. The ‘Black War’ in Arnhem Land: Missionaries and the Yolngu 1908–1940. Darwin: North Australia Research Unit, 1992.

Elkin, A. P., R. M. Berndt and C. H. Berndt. ‘Social Organization of Arnhem Land’. Oceania 21, no. 4 (1951): 253–301.

Emilsen, William. Fighting Spirit: A History of Christianity at Warruwi, Goulburn Island. Unley, SA: MediaCom Education Inc., 2016.

Ganter, Regina. The Contest for Aboriginal Souls: European Missionary Agendas in Australia. Canberra: ANU Press, 2018.

Griffiths, Tom. Hunters and Collectors: The Antiquarian Imagination in Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Harris, John. One Blood: 200 Years of Aboriginal Encounter with Christianity: A Story of Hope. Sutherland, NSW: Albatross Books, 1994.

Harris, Stephen. The Field Has Its Flowers: Nell Harris. Darwin: Historical Society of the Northern Territory, 1998.

Hill, Barry. Broken Song: T.G.H. Strehlow and Aboriginal Possession. Milsons Point, NSW: Knopf, 2002.

Johnstone, Samuel Martin. A History of the Church Missionary Society in Australia and Tasmania. Sydney: The Church Missionary Society, 1925.

Jones, Rhys. ‘Recommendations for Archaeological Site Management in Kakadu National Park’. In Archaeological Research in Kakadu National Park, edited by Rhys Jones, 299–304. Special Publication 13. Canberra: Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service, 1985.

Jones, Rhys and Tia Negerivich. ‘A Review of Previous Archaeological Work’. In Archaeological Research in Kakadu National Park, edited by Rhys Jones, 1–16. Special Publication 13. Canberra: Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service, 1985.

Kenny, Robert. The Lamb Enters the Dreaming: Nathanael Pepper & the Ruptured World. Carlton North, Vic.: Scribe Publications, 2010.

Leichhardt, Ludwig. Journal of an Overland Expedition in Australia, from Moreton Bay to Port Essington: A Distance of Upwards of 3000 Miles, During the Years 1844–1845. Vol. 1. London: T. and W. Boone, 1847.

Levitus, Robert. Everybody Bin All Day Work. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1982.

——. ‘Social History since Colonisation’. In Kakadu: Natural and Cultural Heritage Management, edited by Tony Press, David Lea, Ann Webb and Alistair Graham, 64–93. Darwin: ANCA and North Australia Research Unit, 1995.

Loos, Noel. White Christ Black Cross: The Emergence of a Black Church. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press, 2007.

Lydon, Jane. Eye Contact: Photographing Indigenous Australians. Durham: Duke University Press, 2005.

Macknight, Campbell. The Voyage to Marege’: Macassan Trepangers in Northern Australia. Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press, 1976.

Mangiru, Hannah. Unpublished oral history with Robert Levitus, 27 July 1981.

Masson, Elsie R. An Untamed Territory: The Northern Territory of Australia. London: Macmillan and Company, 1915.

Morris, John Arnold. The Tiwi: From Isolation to Cultural Change: A History of Encounters between an Island People and Outside Forces. Darwin: Northern Territory University Press, 2001.

Mountford, Charles. Records of the American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land. Vol. 1: Art, Myth and Symbolism. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1956.

Mulvaney, Derek John. Paddy Cahill of Oenpelli. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press, 2004.

Mulvaney, Derek John and John H. Calaby. ‘So Much That Is New’: Baldwin Spencer, 1860–1929. Carlton, Vic.: University of Melbourne at the University Press, 1985.

Pybus, Carol Ann. ‘“We Grew Up This Place”: Ernabella Mission 1937–1974’. PhD thesis, University of Tasmania, 2012.

Rademaker, Laura. Found in Translation: Many Meanings on a North Australian Mission. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2018.

Robinson, Catherine J. ‘Buffalo Hunting and the Feral Frontier of Australia’s Northern Territory’. Social and Cultural Geography 6, no. 6 (2005): 885–901.

Sheehan, Colin. ‘Strangers and Servants of the Company: The United East India Company and the Dutch Voyages to Australia’. In Strangers on the Shore: Early Coastal Contacts in Australia, edited by Peter Veth, Peter Sutton and Margo Neale, 6–34. Canberra: National Museum of Australia Press, 2008.

Silverstein, Ben. ‘The “Proper Settler” and the “Native Mind”: Flogging Scandals in the Northern Territory, 1919 and 1932’. In Intimacies of Violence in the Settler Colony: Economies of Dispossession around the Pacific Rim, edited by Penelope Edmonds and Amanda Nettelbeck, 89–112. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.

Simpson, Colin. Adam in Ochre: Inside Aboriginal Australia. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1951.

Spencer, Baldwin. Native Tribes of the Northern Territory of Australia. London: Macmillan, 1914.

——. Wanderings in Wild Australia. London: Macmillan, 1928.

Spillett, Peter. Forsaken Settlement: An Illustrated History of the Settlement of Victoria, Port Essington, North Australia 1838–1849. Melbourne: Lansdowne, 1979.

Taçon, Paul S. C., Sally K. May, Stewart Fallon, Meg Travers, Daryl Wesley and Ronald Lamilami. ‘A Minimum Age for Early Depictions of Southeast Asian Praus in the Rock Art of Arnhem Land, Northern Territory’. Australian Archaeology 71, no. 1 (2010): 1–10.

Taylor, Luke. Seeing the Inside: Bark Painting in Western Arnhem Land. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996.

Theden-Ringl, F., J. N. Fenner, D. Wesley and R. Lamilami. ‘Buried on Foreign Shores: Isotope Analysis of the Origin of Human Remains Recovered from a Macassan Site in Arnhem Land’. Australian Archaeology 73, no. 1 (2011): 41–48.

Warburton, Carl. Buffaloes. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1934.

Wesley, Daryl, Sue O’Connor and Jack N. Fenner. ‘Re-evaluating the Timing of the Indonesian Trepang Industry in North-west Arnhem Land: Chronological Investigations at Malara (Anuru Bay A)’. Archaeology in Oceania 51, no. 3 (2016): 169–95.

Archival files

Mitchell Library

ML MSS 6039, Resigned Missionary Files.

ML MSS 6040/1, CMS Federal Council.

ML MSS 6040/3, Church Missionary Society Federal Office.

ML MSS 6040/4, CMS Committee for Aborigines.

ML MSS 6040/12, Oenpelli Reports.

ML MSS 6040/35, Resigned Missionary Files.

National Archives of Australia

NAA A431/1, Oenpelli Mission Station.

NAA A3, NT1917/427, Department of Home and Territories Aboriginal Station, Oenpelli, Attempted poisoning of staff by natives.

Northern Territory Archive Service

NTRS 226, TS 102, Les Perriman Oral History, 1981.

NTRS 226, TS 517, Ruby Roney Oral History, 1985.

NTRS 226, TS 735, Ruby Roney Oral History, 1974.

NTRS 337, Les Perriman, Personal records and photographs relating to Groote Eylandt Mission and Aborigines in Northern Australia, 1921–1972.

NTRS 693, Alfred Dyer, Records relating to mission life in Northern Australia, 1907–1966.

NTRS 694, Records, photographs and research material about mission life in Northern Australia, 1915–1985.

NTRS 1099, Mission reports and station council minutes of the Oenpelli Community, 1925–1977.

NTRS 1105, Publications featuring Arnhem Land missions, 1953–1981.


Historical Oenpelli Slides, Church Missionary Society, complied by K. Hart, A. Wilson and W. Kennedy, 1996.

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