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Indigenous Peoples’ Innovation: Intellectual Property Pathways to Development

List of Acronyms

 

ABS

Access and benefit sharing

ACP

African, Caribbean and Pacific

AEK

Aboriginal ecological knowledge

AIPPI

International Association for the Protection of Intellectual Property

ALAI

Association Littéraire et Artistique Internationale

ARIPO

African Regional Intellectual Property Organization

CA

Cultural authority

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CCD

Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

EC

European Community

EEC

European Economic Community

EPA

Economic Partnership Agreements

EPO

European Patent Office

ETC

Action Group on Erosion Technology and Concentration

EU

European Union

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

FLO

Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International

FTA

Free Trade Agreement

GATS

General Agreement on Trade in Services

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GIs

Geographical indications

GRIN

Genetic Resources Information Network

I = P

Information = Power

ICH

Indigenous cultural heritage

IGC

Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore

INTA

International Trademark Association

IP

Intellectual property

IPA

Indigenous protected area

IPRs

Intellectual property rights

ITC

International Trade Centre

IWG

Intersessional Working Group

JPO

Japanese Patent Office

LDCs

Least developed countries

MFN

Most-favoured-nation treatment

MSG

Melanesian Spearhead Group

NCC

National Council of Chiefs

NGO

Non-governmental organization

NIAAA

National Indigenous Arts Advocacy Association

NPR

Non-product-related

OCTA

Office of the Chief Trade Adviser

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OHIM

Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market

PAR

Participatory action research

PACER

Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations

PBR

Plant breeding rights

PCT

Patent Cooperation Treaty

PI

Plant introduction

PICNIC

Prior informed consent or no informed consent

PIFS

Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat

PPMs

Processes and Production Methods

PVP

Plant Variety Protection

SCM

Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures

SPC

Secretariat of the Pacific Community

TBT

Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade

TCEs

Traditional cultural expressions

TGKP

Traditional group knowledge and practice

TK

Traditional knowledge

TKDL

Traditional Knowledge Digital Library

TKECABS

Traditional Knowledge and Expressions of Culture

TPP

Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement

TRIPS

Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, 1994

UN

United Nations

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNDRIP

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

USPTO

United States Patent and Trade Mark Office

VCLT

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

WTO

World Trade Organization


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