The Joy of Sanskrit
Week 16. Vocabulary
Week 16. Makkomas-sūtras
16.1 In nouns with variable stems, the first five forms are strong, but the first form is often ‘defective’.
16.2. Paradigms in -an are strongly generic.
16.3. āsam, āsīt, āsan.
16.4 A dvandva is like a shopping list, units are equally important and joined with ‘and’.
16.5 The number of a dvandva is determined by the total number of units.
16.6 The gender of a dvandva is determined by the gender of the last unit.
16.7 A samāhāra is a unity of opposites, like sukhaduḥkham, and is neuter singular.
16.8 You can negate a noun or an adjective with a short-a, but not a verb.