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The Joy of Sanskrit

Week 22. Vocabulary




Week 22. Makkomas-sūtras


22.1 Participle: a word that is derived from a verb but functions like a noun or an adjective.

22.2 Past passive participles (PPPs): like ‘-ed’ in English, formed with -ta, -ita or -na.

22.3 Reduplication: loss of aspiration.

22.4 Long vowels reduplicate as short vowels.

22.5 Only the first consonant reduplicates (except when it doesn’t).

22.6 Velars reduplicate as palatals.

22.7 h- reduplicates as j-


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