The Joy of Sanskrit
Week 22. Vocabulary
Week 22. Makkomas-sūtras
22.1 Participle: a word that is derived from a verb but functions like a noun or an adjective.
22.2 Past passive participles (PPPs): like ‘-ed’ in English, formed with -ta, -ita or -na.
22.3 Reduplication: loss of aspiration.
22.4 Long vowels reduplicate as short vowels.
22.5 Only the first consonant reduplicates (except when it doesn’t).
22.6 Velars reduplicate as palatals.
22.7 h- reduplicates as j-