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Indigenous Australians and the National Disability Insurance Scheme

Appendix 5: Attachment tables

Table A5.1 Need for assistance with core activities by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: Rate compared to non-Indigenous Australians, 2006

Age group

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Rate ratio

0–14

2.3

1.7

1.3

15–24

2.4

1.6

1.7

25–34

2.7

1.5

2.1

35–44

4.7

2.0

2.6

45–54

8.2

2.9

2.9

55–64

14.2

5.7

2.8

65 or over

28.2

14.6

1.8

Source: AIHW analysis of 2006 Census data (unpublished); AIHW 2011b

Table A5.2 Statistical Divisions with the highest number and proportion of Indigenous persons needing assistance with core activities, Australia, 2006

Statistical Division

Core activity need for assistance (no.)

Statistical Division

Core activity need for assistance (%)

Sydney

2 175

Wimmera

7.6

Northern (Qld)

1 498

Barwon

6.6

Northern Territory–Balance

1 373

East Gippsland

6.6

Brisbane

1 328

Loddon

6.5

Far North (Qld)

982

Yorke and Lower North

6.4

Hunter

878

Ovens–Murray

6.4

Perth

827

Gippsland

6.4

Melbourne

715

Wide Bay–Burnett

6.3

Mid-North Coast (NSW)

667

West Moreton

6.2

Adelaide

649

Southern (Tas)

6.1

North Western (NSW)

613

Upper Great Southern

6.1

Wide Bay–Burnett

495

Greater Hobart

6.0

Kimberley

466

Western District

6.0

Illawarra

455

Hunter

6.0

South Eastern

443

Mid-North Coast

5.9

Source: AIHW analysis of 2006 Census data (unpublished)

Table A5.3 Indigenous persons with core-activity need for assistance, by State/Territory, Australia, 2006

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

No.

Age standardised proportiona

No.

Age standardised proportiona

Age standardised rate ratio

NSW

6 907

7.7

263 724

4.1

1.9

Vic

1 588

7.8

201 714

4.1

1.9

Qld

4 812

6.7

146 041

4

1.7

WA

2 278

7.5

64 471

3.6

2.1

SA

1 250

8.1

70 397

4.4

1.8

Tas

871

7.7

21 735

4.5

1.7

ACT

150

6.8

9 897

3.7

1.8

NT

1 750

7.2

2 795

3.3

2.2

Australiab

19 613

7.4

780 817

4.1

1.8

a. Age-standardised to the 2001 Australian standard population.

b. Australia total includes other Territories.

Source: ABS & AIHW analysis of 2006 Census data (AIHW 2011b)

Table A5.4 Need for assistance with core activities, by remoteness and Indigenous status, Australia, 2006

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Number

Age standardised proportiona

Number

Age standardised proportiona

Age standardised rate ratio

Major cities

7 007

7.5

520 953

4

1.8

Inner regional

4 824

7.7

175 193

4.3

1.8

Outer regional

4 105

7.1

74 279

4.1

1.8

Remote

1 466

7.3

7 212

3.3

2.3

Very remote

2 127

6.7

1 711

2.7

2.5

Australiab

19 613

7.4

780 817

4.1

1.8

a. Age-standardised to the 2001 Australian standard population.

b. Australia total includes other Territories.

Source: ABS & AIHW analysis of 2006 Census data (AIHW 2011a)

Table A5.5 Proportions of people aged 15 years and over in non-remote areas, by disability type, age and Indigenous status, Australia, 2008

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Rate ratioa

Prop. (%)

RSEc (%)

Prop. (%)

RSEc (%)

Sight, hearing, speech

15–24 years

9.1

12.0

4.9

14.5

1.8

25–34 years

11.5

10.4

6.8

9.9

1.7

35–44 years

16.0

11.2

9.0

7.8

1.8

45–54 years

24.7

11.0

15.3

5.7

1.6

55 years and overb

28.4

9.1

30.7

2.3

0.9

ASc total with sight, hearing, speech disability

18.9

5.7

15.0

2.3

1.3

Physical

15–24 years

19.4

8.2

14.2

6.3

1.4

25–34 years

26.1

7.8

18.3

5.0

1.4

35–44 years

35.1

6.4

23.6

4.3

1.5

45–54 years

48.8

6.1

28.2

4.2

1.7

55 years and over

60.4

4.7

43.1

2.3

1.4

ASc total with physical disability

40.1

3.5

27.2

1.7

1.5

Intellectual

15–24 years

10.8

12.2

3.3

17.4

3.3

25–34 years

7.5

15.0

1.9

19.7

3.9

35–44 years

7.5

17.2

2.2

17.4

3.4

45–54 years

11.5

17.3

2.4

16.4

4.9

55 years and over

6.0

18.6

3.1

9.8

1.9

ASc total with intellectual disability

8.3

9.1

2.6

6.9

3.2

Psychological

15–24 years

7.7

14.3

3.4

15.1

2.2

25–34 years

9.8

13.0

3.7

13.2

2.7

35–44 years

11.8

14.2

4.3

11.1

2.7

45–54 years

16.2

12.3

5.5

9.6

2.9

55 years and over

12.9

13.2

5.3

8.0

2.4

ASc total with psychological disability

11.8

7.2

4.5

5.3

2.6

Type not specified

15–24 years

12.4

11.3

6.0

10.3

2.1

25–34 years

17.4

8.8

6.8

8.2

2.5

35–44 years

23.7

8.7

9.3

8.0

2.5

45–54 years

40.3

7.1

14.9

5.7

2.7

55 years and over

54.3

5.5

29.4

3.1

1.8

ASc total with disability type not specified

31.9

3.9

14.8

2.6

2.2

Total persons with one or more disability type

15–24 years

37.5

5.5

22.1

5.1

1.7

25–34 years

43.4

5.0

28.2

4.0

1.5

35–44 years

50.9

4.6

33.7

3.6

1.5

45–54 years

66.2

3.9

42.4

3.0

1.6

55 years and over

77.8

2.9

61.8

1.5

1.3

AS total with one or more disability types

57.3

2.5

40.0

1.2

1.4

No disability or long term condition(s)

15–24 years

62.5

3.3

77.9

1.4

0.8

25–34 years

56.6

3.8

71.8

1.6

0.8

35–44 years

49.1

4.7

66.3

1.8

0.7

45–54 years

33.8

7.6

57.6

2.2

0.6

55 years and over

22.2

10.3

38.2

2.5

0.6

AS total with no disability or long term condition(s)

42.7

2.6

60.0

0.8

0.7

All persons

15–24 years

100.0

100.0

25–34 years

100.0

100.0

35–44 years

100.0

100.0

45–54 years

100.0

100.0

55 years and over

100.0

100.0

Total persons aged 15 and over

100.0

100.0

a. The rate ratio is calculated by dividing the rate for Indigenous people by the corresponding rate for non-Indigenous people.

b. Difference between 2008 Indigenous and non-Indigenous rate is not statistically significant.

c. Prop.= Proportion; AS= Age standardised; RSE= Relative standard error; – Nil or rounded to zero.

Source: ABS NATSISS 2008, ABS National Health Survey 2007–08 (SCRGSP 2011)

Table A5.6 Education or employment restriction due to disability, Indigenous persons age 15–64 years, Australia, 2008

Non-remote

Remote

Total

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

Education restriction

Has an education restriction due to disability

6 733

5.8

833

2.3

7 567

5.0

Does not have an education restriction due to disability

108 736

94.2

34 965

97.7

143 701

95.0

Total with a disability

115 469

100.0

35 798

100.0

151 267

100.0

Employment restriction

Has an employment restriction due to disability

19 280

16.7

5 307

14.8

24 587

16.3

Does not have an employment restriction due to disability

96 190

83.3

30 491

85.2

126 681

83.7

Total with a disability

115 469

100.0

35 798

100.0

151 267

100.0

Source: AIHW analysis of 2008 NATSISS (unpublished)

Table A5.7 Disability status by equivalised gross household income, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over, Australia, 2008

Has disability or long-term health conditiona (%)

No disability or long-term health condition (%)

First quintile (lowest)

44.6

35.3

Second quintile

15.8

18.4

Third quintile

9.8

12.5

Fourth quintile

6.6

9.6

Fifth quintile (highest)

2.7

4.4

a. Total with a disability or long-term health condition as determined by the common (remote + non-remote) criteria.

Source: 2008 NATSISS (ABS 2011a)

Table A5.8 Highest school attainment, by disability and Indigenous status, age 18–64 years, Australia 2006 and 2008a

Indigenous Australians (2008 NATSISS)

All Australians (2006 GSS)

Severe or profound core activity limitations (%)

No disability or long-term health condition (%)

Severe or profound core activity limitations (%)

No disability or long-term health condition (%)

Year 12

15.7

28.4

31

58

Year 10 and 11

39.4

47.7

37

34

Year 9 and below

44.9

23.9

32

8

Total (no.)

20 722

135 441

516 487

8 477 923

a. 2008 NATSISS and 2006 GSS excluded special dwellings where higher proportions of people with disability may be found and 2006 GSS excluded very remote and sparsely settled areas.

Source: AIHW analysis of 2008 NATSISS and 2006 GSS (AIHW 2011b)

Table A5.9 Indigenous Australians aged 18–64 years, reasons for not studying further in the previous 12 months although wanted to, by disability, 2008a

People with severe or profound core activity limitations (%)

Per cent of people with no disability or long-term health condition (%)

Too much work or other work reason or no time

7.0

8.6

Personal caring or other family reasons

12.7

8.5

Course related reasons

2.6

3.2

Too expensive or financial reasons

5.3

5.0

Other

1.8

2.1

Total wanting to study further (%)

29.5

27.2

Total (no.)

20 722

135 441

a. 2008 NATSISS included remote, very remote and indigenous communities but excluded special dwellings where higher proportions of people with severe and profound disability may be found.

Source: AIHW 2011b

Table A5.10 Self-assessed health status, by disability status and Indigenous status, persons aged 18–64 years, Australia, 2006 and 2008

Self-assessed health status

Indigenous Australiansa (2008 NATSISS)

All Australiansb (2006 GSS)

Severe or profound core activity limitations

No disability or long-term health condition

Severe or profound core activity limitations

No disability or long-term health condition

Excellent, very good, good

40.9

92.5

44.9

97

Fair, poor

59.1

7.5

55.1

3

Total number

20 722

135 441

516 487

8 477 923

a. 2008 NATSISS included remote, very remote and Indigenous communities but excluded special dwellings where higher proportions of people with severe and profound disability may be found.

b. 2006 GSS collected data on self-assessed health status from 18 years onwards, while 2008 NATSISS collected data on self-assessed health status from 0 years onward, 0–14 years by proxy. Data is presented in this table from 18–64 years for consistency.

Source: AIHW analysis of ABS NATSISS (AIHW 2011b)

Table A5.11 Number of stressors experienced in the previous 12 months by disability, Indigenous Australians aged 15–64 years, 2008a

Number of stressorsb

Severe/profound core activity limitations

No disability or long-term health condition

No.

%

No.

%

nil stressors

5 127

23.3

80 286

49.9

1–2 stressors

10, 785

49

61 988

38.5

3–5 stressors

4 852

22

15 956

9.9

>5 stressors

1 216

5.5

2 652

1.7

not applicable

108

0.1

Total

22 015

100

147 758

100

a. 2008 NATSISS included remote, very remote and indigenous communities but excluded special dwellings where higher proportions of people with severe and profound disability may be found.

b. Stressors include ‘really bad illness’, ‘really bad accident’, mental illness, ‘really bad disability’, marriage, pregnancy, new family member, overcrowding at home, getting back together with spouse, divorce or separation, death, unable to get a job, lost job, changed jobs, pressure to fulfil cultural responsibilities, alcohol related problems, drug related problems, gambling problems, witness to violence, abuse or violent crime, self, family member, friend spent time in gaol, trouble with police, treated badly/discrimination, unwelcome at child’s school (ABS 2010b).

Source: AIHW 2011b

Table A5.12 Indigenous disability support services users, all ages, States and Territories, Australia, 2005–06 to 2009–10

Year

NSW No.

Vic No.

Qld No.

WA No.

SA No.

Tas No.

ACT No.

NT No.

Australia No.

2005–06

1 709

1 795

1 433

1 045

634

168

42

410

7 182

2006–07

2 129

2 154

1 568

1 483

695

165

61

525

8 735

2007–08

2 882

2 323

2 143

1 529

962

208

82

1 045

10 962

2008–09

3 594

2 595

2 323

1 683

1 046

222

100

1 064

12 496

2009–10

4 672

2 659

2 775

1 974

1 063

307

163

783

14 251

Source: AIHW 2011b

Table A5.13 Disability support services users, by service type use and Indigenous status, Australia, 2009–10

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Not stated/not collected

Total

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

Accommodation support

1 937

13.6

36 203

13.7

1 714

10.4

39 854

13.5

Community support

7 705

54.1

112 564

42.6

7 640

46.5

127 909

43.4

Community access

2 169

15.2

50 583

19.1

5 880

35.8

58 632

19.9

Respite

2 163

15.2

31 569

11.9

2 246

13.7

35 978

12.2

Employment

4 883

34.3

113 578

43.0

340

2.1

118 801

40.3

Total

14 251

100.0

264 331

100.0

16 442

100.0

295 024

100.0

Source: AIHW 2011b

Table A5.14 Non-Indigenous disability support service users, all ages, States and Territories, Australia, 2005–06 to 2009–10

NSW

Vic

Qld

WA

SA

Tas

ACT

NT

Australia

2005–06

478 60

64 727

28 270

18 282

19 212

5 291

3 082

853

186 805

2006–07

52 348

74 546

30 734

22 755

20 565

5 288

4 173

928

210 697

2007–08

57 377

77 569

33 403

19 647

23 175

5 773

4 358

1 320

221 638

2008–09

68 454

86 483

37 637

19 801

25 459

6 512

4 688

952

249 225

2009–10

76 407

87 298

40 236

20 513

27 316

7 883

4 905

766

264 331

Source: AIHW 2011b

Table A5.15 Disability support services users, aged 0–64 years by service type use and Indigenous status, Australia, 2009–10a

Service type

Indigenous users as a percentage of all service type users (%)

Usage rate among Indigenous service users (%)

Usage rate among non-indigenous users (%)

Usage rates among not stated users (%)

Total users for service type

Accommodation support

Residential institutions, hostels and group homes

4.0

5.0

6.3

1.7

17 619

Personal care and in-home support

5.4

8.4

7.4

8.4

22 121

Alternative family placement and other accommodation support

7.1

0.9

0.6

0.4

1 807

Community support

Therapy support

5.2

11.8

10.4

17.6

32 196

Early childhood intervention

5.3

8.9

8.3

5.3

24 149

Regional resource teams

7.2

11.2

7.5

2.5

21 926

Case management

6.4

29.4

21.6

25.7

65 413

Behaviour/specialist intervention, counselling and other community support

6.2

6.7

5.3

1.8

15 334

Community access

Learning/life skills development

4.1

12.0

14.1

16.6

41 610

Recreation/holiday programs and other community access

2.9

4.1

6.2

19.3

20 058

Respite

Centre-based respite

6.0

6.0

4.8

3.9

14 212

Flexible respite

6.4

9.5

7.0

7.7

21 175

Own home, host family and other respite

5.7

2.7

2.3

2.4

6 854

Employment

Open employment

4.3

29.7

35.6

.

98 257

Supported and targeted employment

3.3

5.0

7.8

2.1

21 636

Total users

4.8

14 251

264 331

16 442

295 024

a. Service user data are estimates after use of a statistical linkage key to account for individuals who use more than one service. The term ‘Indigenous’ refers to service users who identified as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander people. Non-Indigenous refers to service users who reported not being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background.

Source: AIHW 2011b

Table A5.16 Indigenous disability support services users, by service type, Australia, 2005–06 to 2009–10

Year

Accommodation support

Community support

Community access

Respite

Employment

2005–06

20.1

53.2

19.5

19.5

24.3

2006–07

20.4

55.4

18.6

18.9

23.6

2007–08

18.1

52.4

16.6

16.3

30.8

2008–09

16.1

66.8

17.3

19.4

32.9

2009–10

13.6

54.1

15.2

15.2

34.3

Source: AIHW 2011b

Table A5.17 Mean hours of support received by Indigenous status, service type and region, Australia, 2009–10

Service type and

Indigenous status

Major cities

Inner regional

Outer regional

Remote/very remote

Totala

Indigenous

Accomodation supportb

38.7

37.2

48.0

44.2

40.7

Community supportc

1.2

1.7

0.8

1.0

1.2

Community accessd

14.2

14.3

13.4

11.6

13.9

Respite

8.9

8.8

8.4

6.7

8.5

Employment

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

Total servicese

10.9

10.6

12.2

5.5

13.3

Non-Indigenous

Accomodation supportb

26.4

26.8

26.0

29.8

26.4

Community supportc

1.4

1.4

0.7

0.6

1.3

Community accessd

14.9

14.7

14.1

10.5

14.8

Respite

8.5

8.5

8.0

8.5

8.5

Employment

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

Total servicese

10.4

10.6

8.6

5.4

12.8

a. Includes service users who received zero hours of support from the service type category during the reference week, but excludes service users where the number of hours of support received from the service type category during the reference week was missing.

b. Includes attendant care/personal care; in-home accommodation support; and alternative family placement.

c. Includes case management, local coordination and development.

d. Excludes recreation/holiday programs.

e. Total of selected service type categories.

Source: AIHW 2011b

Table A5.18 Characteristics of users of disability support services, by Indigenous status, Australia, 2009–10

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Not stated/not collected

Total

Service user characteristic

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

Main income source (ages 16+)

Disability Support Pension

6 301

60.1

119 043

56.4

1 423

11.3

126 767

54.2

Other pension/benefit

2 298

21.9

40 535

19.2

152

1.2

42 985

18.4

Paid employment

531

5.1

17 759

8.4

63

0.5

18 353

7.8

Compensation payments

34

0.3

474

0.2

7

0.1

515

0.2

Other income

78

0.7

3 370

1.6

17

0.1

3 465

1.5

No income

368

3.5

5 587

2.6

27

0.2

5 982

2.6

Not known/not stated/not collected

880

8.4

24 150

11.4

10 922

86.6

35 952

15.4

Total

10 490

100.0

210 918

100.0

12 611

100.0

234 019

100.0

Labour force status (ages 15+)

Employed

2 114

19.7

60 437

28.3

525

4.1

63 076

26.6

Unemployed

4 021

37.5

73 856

34.6

345

2.7

78 222

33.0

Not in the labour force

3 949

36.9

63 372

29.6

1 104

8.6

68 425

28.8

Not stated

629

5.9

15 375

7.2

9 899

76.9

25 903

10.9

Not collected (recreation/holiday programs)

n.p.

720

0.3

1 000

7.8

1 722

0.7

Total

10 715

100.0

213 760

100.0

12 873

100.0

237 348

100.0

a. Service user data are estimates after use of a statistical linkage key to account for individuals who received services from more than one service type outlet during the 12-month period.

b. Row totals may not be the sum of components because service users may have accessed services in more than one State/Territory.

c. Service user data were not collected for all NDA service types (see Appendix 4 for details).

d. Service types 6.01–6.05 and 7.01–7.04 did not collect service user data, and so are excluded from this table.

e. n.p. = Not provided.

Source: AIHW 2011b

Table A5.19 Disability services users, aged 0–64 years per 1 000 potential population, by Indigenous status and State/Territory, Australia, 2005–06 to 2009–10

NSW

Vic

Qld

WA

SA

Tas

ACT

NT

Australia

2005–06

Service users (all ages)

Indigenous

1 709

1 795

1 433

1 045

634

168

42

410

7 182

Non-Indigenous

47 860

64 727

28 270

18 282

19 212

5 291

3 082

853

186 805

Not stated/not collected

1 564

14 431

1 101

4 715

761

257

203

126

23 156

Total

51 133

80 953

30 804

24 042

20 607

5 716

3 327

1 389

217 143

Service users (age 0–64 years)

Indigenous

1 694

1 743

1 421

1 027

624

168

42

367

7 032

Non-Indigenous

46 559

60 283

27 491

17 816

16 642

5 153

3 063

780

177 018

Not stated/not collected

1 466

13 459

1 081

1 749

729

243

202

126

19 053

Total

49 719

75 485

29 993

20 592

17 995

5 564

3 307

1 273

203 103

Potential population (0–64 years)

Indigenous

12 332

2 810

7 930

4 469

1 778

1 230

323

3 103

33 975

Non-Indigenous

220 820

170 928

132 559

66 643

51 750

15 893

11 291

4 438

674 321

Service users per 1 000 potential population (0–64 years)

Indigenous

137.4

620.3

179.2

229.8

351.0

136.6

129.9

118.3

207.0

Non-Indigenous

210.8

352.7

207.4

267.3

321.6

324.2

271.3

175.8

262.5

2006–07

Service users (all ages)

Indigenous

2 129

2 154

1 568

1 483

695

165

61

525

8 735

Non-Indigenous

52 348

74 546

30 734

22 755

20 565

5 288

4 173

928

210 697

Not stated/not collected

1 581

8 806

849

294

945

208

50

89

12 821

Total

56 058

85 506

33 151

24 532

22 205

5 661

4 284

1 542

232 253

Service users (age 0–64 years)

Indigenous

2 102

2 089

1 553

1 471

682

162

61

455

8 530

Non-Indigenous

50 937

69 523

29 893

22 265

17 855

5 139

4 150

864

199 988

Not stated/not collected

1 455

7 566

825

230

868

201

50

88

11 282

Total

54 494

79 178

32 271

23 966

19 405

5 502

4 261

1 407

219 800

Potential population (0–64 years)

Indigenous

12 640

2 877

8 170

4 587

1 817

1 261

333

3 192

34 877

Non-Indigenous

223 176

173 873

135 968

68 175

52 427

16 050

11 426

4 522

685 616

Service users per 1 000 potential population (0–64 years)

Indigenous

166.3

726.0

190.1

320.7

375.3

128.5

183.2

142.6

244.6

Non-Indigenous

228.2

399.8

219.9

326.6

340.6

320.2

363.2

191.1

291.7

2007–08

Service users (all ages)

Indigenous

2 882

2 323

2 143

1 529

962

208

82

1 045

10 962

Non-Indigenous

57 377

77 569

33 403

19 647

23 175

5 773

4 358

1 320

221 638

Not stated/not collected

1 604

9 420

1 023

143

1 126

163

89

115

13 681

Total

61 863

89 312

36 569

21 319

25 263

6 144

4 529

2 480

246 281

Service users (age 0–64 years)

Indigenous

2 860

2 240

2 125

1 491

945

205

82

890

10 633

Non-Indigenous

56 171

72 951

32 616

19 175

20 391

5 583

4 336

1 153

211 394

Not stated/not collected

1 528

8 152

996

137

1 038

153

89

111

12 202

Total

60 559

83 343

35 737

20 803

22 374

5 941

4 507

2 154

234 229

Potential population (0–64 years)

Indigenous

12 912

2 953

8 434

4 703

1 860

1 293

340

3 277

35 772

Non-Indigenous

226 156

177 077

139 399

69 929

53 081

16 191

16 527

4 590

702 948

Service users per 1 000 potential population (0–64 years)

Indigenous

221.5

758.6

252.0

317.0

508.1

158.5

241.2

271.6

297.2

Non-Indigenous

248.4

412.0

234.0

274.2

384.1

344.8

262.4

251.2

300.7

2008–09

Service users (all ages)

Indigenous

3 594

2 595

2 323

1 683

1 046

222

100

1 064

12 496

Non-Indigenous

68 454

86 483

37 637

19 801

25 459

6 512

4 688

952

249 225

Not stated/not collected

2 117

12 514

1 445

137

913

178

140

137

17 580

Total

74 165

101 592

41 405

21 621

27 418

6 912

4 928

2 153

279 301

Service users (age 0–64 years)

Indigenous

3 556

2 473

2 297

1 657

1 020

217

100

876

12 066

Non-Indigenous

66 360

78 348

36 860

19 346

22 531

6 318

4 661

834

234 503

Not stated/not collected

2 015

8 849

1 414

137

840

166

140

136

13 696

Total

71 931

89 670

40 571

21 140

24 391

6 701

4 901

1 846

260 265

Potential population (0–64 years)

Indigenous

11 818

2 692

7 760

4 290

1 710

1 192

308

2 985

32 757

Non-Indigenous

207 059

162 616

129 021

64 882

48 472

14 809

10 616

4 261

641 735

Service users per 1 000 potential population (0–64 years)

Indigenous

300.9

918.5

296.0

386.3

596.4

182.0

324.2

293.5

368.4

Non-Indigenous

320.5

481.8

285.7

298.2

464.8

426.6

439.1

195.7

365.4

2009–10

Service users (all ages)

Indigenous

4 672

2 659

2 775

1 974

1 063

307

163

783

14 251

Non-Indigenous

76 407

87 298

40 236

20 513

27 316

7 883

4 905

766

264 331

Not stated/not collected

2,322

11 699

1 036

231

632

252

152

120

16,442

Total

83 401

101 656

44 047

22 718

29 011

8 442

5 220

1 669

295 024

Service users (0–64 years)

Indigenous

4 631

2 557

2 750

1 925

1 030

303

163

657

13 873

Non-Indigenous

74 251

79 551

39 451

20 052

24 040

7 674

4 877

686

249 594

Not stated/not collected

2 237

9 026

1 014

222

540

243

152

119

13 551

Total

81 119

91 134

43 215

22 199

25 610

8 220

5 192

1 462

277 018

Potential population (0–64 years)

Indigenous

12 054

2 758

7 997

4 400

1 754

1 218

317

3 068

33 566

Non-Indigenous

209 901

165 839

132 019

66 715

49 015

14 936

10 781

4 363

653 569

Service users per 1 000 potential population (0–64 years)

Indigenous

384.2

927.1

343.9

437.5

587.2

248.8

514.2

214.1

413.3

Non-Indigenous

353.7

479.7

298.8

300.6

490.5

513.8

452.4

157.2

381.9

a. Service user data are estimates after use of a statistical linkage key to account for individuals who received services from more than one service type outlet during the 12-month period. Totals for Australia may not be the sum of components because individuals may have accessed services in more than one State or territory during the 12-month period.

b. In tables the term ‘Indigenous’ refers to service users who identified as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people. ‘Non-Indigenous’ refers to service users who reported not being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background.

c. Indigenous potential population estimates are experimental.

d. Indigenous potential population estimates are calculated by applying Indigenous/non-Indigenous sex and 10-year age group rates of severe/profound disability in each State/Territory to Indigenous and non-Indigenous population data in each State/Territory by sex and 10-year age group for people aged 0–64.

e. Indigenous population figures are based on revised ABS Series B projections of the Indigenous population by State/territory for June 2008 (ABS 2009a).

Source: AIHW analysis of CSTDA NMDS 2007–08, 2008–09; DS NMDS 2009–10, ABS 2009a

Table A5.20 Indigenous potential population aged 0–64 years accessing State/Territory disability support services, by remoteness area, Australia, 2009–10a

2005–06

2006–07

2007–08

2008–09

2009–10

Major cities

133.7

168

185.7

241.9

284.9

Inner Regional

231.1

285

347.9

436.0

508.6

Outer Regional/Remote/Very Remote

362.9

379

525.1

609.9

626.0

Totalb

207.0

245

297.2

368.4

413.3

a. Service user data are estimates after use of a statistical linkage key to account for individuals who received services from more than one service type outlet during the 12-month period. Total service users may not be the sum of service group components because individuals may have accessed more than one service group over the 12-month period. Includes service users whose remoteness area is unknown (service user postcodes provided by all services attended were not stated or not collected.

b. Rate are calculated per 1 000 using the potential population of Indigenous persons aged 0–64 years.

Source: AIHW (unpublished) DS NMDS 2009–10; AIHW analysis of the ABS Indigenous Projected Population 2009; 2009 Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers; and 2006 Census of Population and Housing (National Disability Agreement Attachment tables)

Table A5.21 Problems accessing services, Indigenous persons aged 15 years and over, by remoteness, Australia, 2008

Profound/severe and unspecified limitation

No disability or long-term health condition

Remote

Non-remote

Total

Remote

Non-remote

Total

Whether had problems accessing services

Per cent

Per cent

Had problems accessing services

46.1

32.4

35.8

38.0

19.4

24.1

Did not have problems accessing services

53.9

67.6

64.2

62.0

80.6

75.9

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Types of selected services has problems accessing

ATSI health workers

6.5

7.3

7.1

5.0

3.8

4.1

Dentists

30.5

21.4

23.6

24.5

12.5

15.5

Doctors

13.6

11.0

11.6

11.1

6.3

7.5

Other health workers

5.5

3.2

3.8

2.9

0.9

1.4

Hospitals

17.6

5.9

8.7

11.5

2.1

4.5

Legal services

10.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

2.7

4.0

Employment services

5.8

4.1

4.5

5.7

1.8

2.8

Phone companies

7.4

3.0

4.1

5.1

1.9

2.7

Centrelink

10.3

7.2

8.0

6.9

3.0

4.0

Banks and other financial places

14.1

3.7

6.2

8.7

1.2

3.1

Medicare

4.2

2.5

2.9

3.3

0.8

1.4

Mental health services

6.4

4.2

4.8

4.7

1.3

2.2

Other services

0.8

0.9

0.9

0.3

0.2

0.2

No problems

53.9

67.6

64.2

62.0

80.6

75.9

Type of barrier to accessing any services

Transport / Distance

20.7

9.1

11.9

16.8

3.8

7.1

Cost of service

7.7

12.4

11.2

5.5

6.9

6.5

No services in the area

24.8

8.7

12.6

22.7

6.2

10.4

Not enough services in the area

23.4

11.4

14.3

17.7

6.1

9.1

Waiting time too long or not available at time required

19.5

18.1

18.4

12.5

10.8

11.2

Services not culturally appropriate

2.8

3.2

3.1

2.1

1.4

1.5

Don’t trust services

4.1

4.6

4.4

2.5

1.5

1.8

Treated badly / Discrimination

2.0

1.9

1.9

0.8

0.7

0.7

Other

2.1

5.3

4.5

1.2

2.4

2.1

Did not have problems accessing services

53.9

67.6

64.2

62.0

80.6

75.9

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Total number

39 746

123 198

162 944

41 755

122 402

164 157

Source: AIHW analysis of 2008 NATSISS (unpublished)

Table A5.22 Indigenous persons who did not access health services when needed and why, by remoteness, Australia, 2004–05

Non-remote

Remote

Total

%

%

%

Whether needed to go to dentist in last 12 months, but didn’ta

Yes

23

16

21

No

77

84

79

Total personsb

331 272

121 086

452 358

Reasons didn’t go to a dentist

Cost

32

15

29

Too busy (including work, personal or family responsibilities)

15

11

14

Dislikes (service/professional/afraid /embarrassed)

21

20

21

Waiting time too long or not available at time required

21

23

22

Decided not to seek care

14

8

13

Transport/distance

7

28

11

Not available in area

3

28

8

Felt it would be inadequate

2c

2d

2c

Discrimination/ not culturally appropriate/ language problems

—d

1d

— c

Other

9

7c

8

Total who needed to visit dentist, but didn’tb

74 062

18 871

92 933

Whether needed to visit doctor in last 12 months, but didn’t

Yes

17

10

15

No

83

90

85

Total personsb

348 315

125 995

474 310

Reasons why didn’t visit the doctor when needed to

Cost

14

4c

12

Too busy (including work, personal or family responsibilities)

26

17

24

Dislikes (service/professional/

10

11

10

afraid/embarrassed)

Waiting time too long or not available at time required

14

15

14

Decided not to seek care

27

22

26

Transport/distance

11

28c

14

Not available in area

2d

13c

4c

Felt it would be inadequate

5

7c

5

Discrimination/ not culturally appropriate/ language problems

1

1d

1c

Other

12

5

11

Total who needed to visit doctor, but didn’tb

57 653

12 012

69 665

Whether needed to go to other health professional in last 12 months, but didn’t,

Yes

9

5

8

No

91

95

92

Total personsb

348 315

125 995

474 310

Why didn’t go to other health professional (OHP)

Cost

33

5d

28

Too busy (including work, personal or family responsibilities)

27

20

26

Dislikes (service/professional/

12

11c

12

afraid/embarrassed)

Waiting time too long or not available at time required

7c

19

9

Decided not to seek care

18

16

17

Transport/distance

7c

15c

8

Not available in area

2c

30

7

Felt it would be inadequate

5c

5d

5

Discrimination/ not culturally appropriate/ language problems

2d

2d

*2

Other

11

10c

11

Total who needed to visit OHP but didn’tb

29 699

5 971

35 670

Whether needed to go to hospital in the last 12 months, but didn’t,

Yes

7

7

7

No

93

93

93

Total personsb

348 315

125 995

474 310

Why didn’t visit hospital

Cost

5c

3c

4

Too busy (including work, personal or family responsibilities)

17

16

16

Dislikes (service/professional/

18

9c

16

afraid/embarrassed)

Waiting time too long or not available at time required

18

10c

16

Decided not to seek care

25

26

25

Transport/distance

13

34

19

Not available in area

2c

8c

4c

Felt it would be inadequate

6

7c

6

Discrimination/ not culturally appropriate/ language problems

2c

2d

2c

Other

15

9

14

Total who needed to visit hospital, but didn’tb

22 982

8 840

31 822

a. Persons aged 2 years and over.

b. Total includes ‘not stated’.

c. Estimate has a relative standard error between 25% and 50% and should be used with caution.

d. Estimate has a relative standard error greater than 50% and is considered too unreliable for general use.

Source: AIHW 2011a


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