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The First Fleet Piano: Volume One

List of Plates

Plate 1

The first-floor drawing room in William Bradshaw’s home, view into the room from the entrance.

Plate 2

The first-floor drawing room in William Bradshaw’s home, view towards the entrance from the front left-hand corner of the room.

Plate 3

The first-floor drawing room in William Bradshaw’s home, view towards the entrance from the front left-hand corner of the room.

Plate 4

William Bradshaw’s Parianware statue of Hebe, the goddess of youth (detail).

Plate 5

Grand piano by John Broadwood & Sons (London, 1834).

Plate 6

Grand piano by John Broadwood & Sons (London, 1834).

Plate 7

William Bradshaw’s Matthew Boulton (1728–1809) teapot.

Plate 8

Diary entry dated 29 May 1756, written by George William Harris (1717–69).

Plate 9

Sutton Nicholls (fl. 1680–1740): Hanover Square (1754).

Plate 10

Johann Zumpe’s house.

Plate 11

The first-floor drawing room in Johann Zumpe’s house.

Plate 12

The view of Hanover Square from the first-floor drawing room in Johann Zumpe’s house.

Plate 12a

Hanover Square and surrounds (detail).

Plate 13

Johann Christian Bach’s house.

Plate 14

The security alarm labelled ‘Abel’ located directly opposite Johann Christian Bach’s house.

Plate 15

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca. 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?).

Plate 16

Marriage bond between Arnold Frederick Beck and Rose Ann Shudi, 7 September 1779.

Plate 16a

Marriage bond between Arnold Frederick Beck and Rose Ann Shudi, 7 September 1779: Frederick Beck’s signature (detail).

Plate 16b

Tangent action square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, ca 1790 – estimate): handwritten inscription on the soundboard—’A. F. Beck. 1790 Patent.’

Plate 16c

Frederick Beck’s address as recorded by the City of Westminster Coroner’s Court, 20 November 1765 (detail).

Plate 16d

Broad Street (detail): Frederick Beck’s house is number 10 Broad Street.

Plate 17

Square piano by Frederick Beck and George Corrie (London, ca 1790?; serial number 2505): nameboard inscription.

Plate 17a

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): nameboard inscription.

Plate 17b

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): nameboard inscription—street numbers (detail).

Plate 17c

Square piano by John (?) Simpson (fl. 1767–95) (London: 1770s?): elaborately decorated nameboard inscription.

Plate 18

Frederick Beck’s house.

Plate 19

‘Sounds of the Universe’ in Duck Lane.

Plate 20

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): nameboard—‘1780’ (detail).

Plate 20a

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1786): nameboard inscription.

Plate 20b

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1786): nameboard—‘1786’ (detail).

Plate 20c

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1774): nameboard inscription.

Plate 20d

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1777): nameboard inscription.

Plate 20e

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1778): nameboard inscription.

Plate 20f

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1778): nameboard­—‘1778’ (detail).

Plate 20g

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1783): nameboard inscription.

Plate 20h

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1782/87?).

Plate 20i

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1782/87?): nameboard inscription.

Plate 20j

Tangent action square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, ca 1790 – estimate): nameboard inscription.

Plate 21

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): five lapped dovetail joints at the bass corner of the spine.

Plate 22

Square-legged trestle frame: the frame belongs to a square piano by John (?) Simpson (fl. 1767–95) (London: 1770s?).

Plate 23

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1783): simple French frame.

Plate 23a

Square piano by Muzio Clementi & Co. (London: ca 1805): French frame with under-tier.

Plate 23b

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1782/87?): French frame with under-tier.

Plate 24

French frame, Muzio Clementi & Co. (London: ca 1805): treble-end front—a slender, straight square-tapering leg, fitted at its termination with a brass cup castor (detail).

Plate 25

French frame, Muzio Clementi & Co. (London: ca 1805): treble-front corner—the bolt head holding the frame together is visible because a brass patera has not been rotated into its rest position (detail).

Plate 26

French frame, Muzio Clementi & Co. (London: ca 1805): treble-front corner—the bolt head holding the frame together is concealed by a brass patera (detail).

Plate 27

French frame, Muzio Clementi & Co. (London: ca 1805): mahogany under-tier (shelf) with a serpentine front.

Plate 28

Square piano by John Broadwood & Sons (London: ca 1817): lathe-turned legs terminating in brass cup castors.

Plate 29

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): four square-tapered cabriole legs.

Plate 30

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): treble end of the instrument—stretcher let into the lower part of each leg.

Plate 31

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): treble end of the instrument—stretcher let into each leg.

Plate 32

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): detachable lower stretcher running the length of the case.

Plate 33

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): treble end of the instrument—the protruding dovetail at the end of the detachable lower stretcher has sunk into a socket that has increased in depth because of wear.

Plate 34

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): treble end of the instrument—the legs are joined at the top edge by a bar, the ends of which curve into the legs.

Plate 35

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): bass end of the instrument—iron butt hinge attaching the top of the rear leg to the case.

Plate 36

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): top front of the ‘frame’—detachable stretcher running between the top of each front leg.

Plate 37

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): bass end of the instrument—slot in the top of the front leg for the detachable front stretcher.

Plate 38

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): bass end of the instrument—the detachable front stretcher tapers off into the curve of the front leg.

Plate 39

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): bass end of the instrument—brass swivel hook on the back of the detachable front stretcher.

Plate 40

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): bass end of the instrument—brass swivel hook and catch (in situ).

Plate 41

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): bass end of the instrument—square brass catch (for the swivel hook) protruding from underneath the case.

Plate 42

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): the front stretcher creates the illusion that the instrument, legs and detachable front stretcher are one article.

Plate 43

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): bass end of the instrument—legs folded underneath.

Plate 43a

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1773).

Plate 43b

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1774).

Plate 43c

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1774): round-tapered, fluted screw-in leg.

Plate 43d

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1777).

Plate 43e

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1777): lid removed—trestle stand.

Plate 43f

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1778).

Plate 43g

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?).

Plate 43h

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1782/87?, serial number 5008).

Plate 43i

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1783).

Plate 43j

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1785).

Plate 43k

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1786).

Plate 43m

Tangent action square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, ca 1790 – estimate).

Plate 43n

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1783): French frame. The square-tapered legs are original; the apron is not.

Plate 43o

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1783): nameboard decoration.

Plate 43p

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1783): nameboard decoration (detail).

Plate 43q

Tangent action square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, ca 1790 – estimate): nameboard decoration.

Plate 43r

Square piano by Frederick Beck and George Corrie (London, ca 1790?, serial number 2505).

Plate 43s

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1776).

Plate 43t

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1776): nameboard.

Plate 43u

Square piano by Longman, Lukey & Co. (1769–73), reasonably attributed to Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, ca 1772–73).

Plate 44

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): lockboard, decorated with a simplified form of Tunbridgeware inlay.

Plate 45

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): outside of the lid, decorated with a simplified form of Tunbridgeware inlay running parallel with the edge.

Plate 46

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): front of the case—decorated with a simplified form of Tunbridgeware inlay running parallel with the edge.

Plate 47

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): bass end of the instrument, front leg.

Plate 48

Unknown artist, engraved from a sketch by John Hunter (1737–1821): Governor Phillip, John White and George Worgan [?] Visiting an Aboriginal Woman, Who is Recovering from Illness.

Plate 49

Unknown artist: Captains Hunter, Collins & Johnston, with Governor Phillip, Surgeon White, etc Visiting a Distressed Female Native of New South Wales, at a Hut Near Port Jackson.

Plate 50

Dr John Worgan’s house, in which he died on 20 August 1790.

Plate 51

The Church of St Andrew Undershaft.

Plate 52

Brass plaque commemorating Dr John Worgan in the Church of St Andrew Undershaft.

Plate 53

Organ by Renatus Harris in the Church of St Andrew Undershaft.

Plate 54

Organ by Renatus Harris, dating from 1704–05, in the Church of St Botolph, Aldgate.

Plate 55

Dr John Worgan: title page from Pieces for the Harpsichord, Composed Purposely for Forming the Hands of Young Pupils to that Instrument, with the Help of a Proper Instructor (London: W. Owen, 1780).

Plate 56

Dr John Worgan: title page from Six Sonatas for the Harpsichord (London: Mrs Johnson, 1769).

Plate 57

Dr John Worgan: Six Sonatas for the Harpsichord (London: Mrs Johnson, 1769)—Sonata No. 5 in E-flat Major, i (Larghetto), p. 22.

Plate 58

Jan Ladislav Dussek: title page from The Sufferings of the Queen of France…, Op. 23 (Edinburgh and Soho: Corri & Co., 1793).

Plate 59

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): lockboard music desk—right-hand front lid flap closed.

Plate 59a

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1782/87?): lid open.

Plate 59b

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1782/87?): lid open.

Plate 59c

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1782/87?): lid standing open, revealing the hinged lockboard music desk.

Plate 60

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): right-hand front lid flap open.

Plate 61

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): entire lid held open (manually).

Plate 62

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): witness marks indicating the (missing) lid-stick’s arc of rotation.

Plate 63

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1780/86?): leather-covered hammerheads of the first four bass notes (FF–GG#).

Plate 63a

Square piano by Frederick Beck (fl. ca 1756 – ca 1798) (London, 1778): leather-covered hammerheads of the first six bass notes (FF–AA#).

Plate 64

Josiah Wedgwood (1730–95): medallion made from clay collected at Sydney Cove (1789).

Plate 65

‘The Rogue’s March.’

Plate 66

Unknown artist: John Macarthur (n.d., ca 1850s). Authenticated portrait.

Plate 67

Unknown artist: Elizabeth Macarthur (n.d., ca 1850s). Authenticated portrait.

Plate 68

Unknown artist: John Macarthur (?) (n.d.). Unauthenticated portrait.

Plate 69

Unknown artist: Elizabeth Macarthur (?) (n.d.). Unauthenticated portrait.

Plate 70

‘Foot’s Minuet’.

Plate 71

‘God Save the King. Harmonized by Jontn Battishill Orgt of St Pauls.’

Plate 72

Liskeard: view of the town centre from the top of the tower of the Church of St Martin.

Plate 73

The Fountain Inn, Liskeard (as it appears today).

Plate 74

Webb’s Hotel, Liskeard (as it appears today).

Plate 75

The Barley Sheaf Inn, Liskeard (as it appears today).

Plate 76

The White Horse Inn, Liskeard (as it appears today).

Plate 77

The Red Lion Inn, Liskeard (as it appears today).

Plate 78

The Albion Inn, Liskeard (as it appears today).

Plate 79

The Church of St Martin, Liskeard.

Plate 80

The site, if not the building, of the Liskeard Grammar School (as it appears today).

Plate 81

The site of the National Society Boys’ School, Liskeard (as it appears today).

Plate 82

Dean Street, Liskeard (as it appears today).

Plate 83

West Street, Liskeard (as it appears today).

Plate 84

Wadeland House (as it appears today).

Plate 85

The service cottage attached to Wadeland House.

Plate 86

The separate privy at the rear of Wadeland House.

Plate 87

Wadeland House: at the back of the house, a single-room pantry wing extends behind the kitchen.

Plate 88

Wadeland House: the hipped concrete-tile roof.

Plate 89

Wadeland House: projecting eves at the front.

Plate 90

Wadeland House: in typical Cornish fashion, the roof sweeps lower at the rear than at the front.

Plate 91

Wadeland House: symmetrical three-window front.

Plate 92

Wadeland House: original small-horned sashes and glazing bars.

Plate 93

Wadeland House: original four-panel central doorway.

Plate 94

Wadeland House: original panelling of the left-hand vertical section of the wall lying between the doorframe and the outer wall.

Plate 95

Wadeland House: distyle Roman Doric porch.

Plate 96

Wadeland House: each of the porch’s plain columns has a moulded base and a Doric frieze to the entablature.

Plate 97

Wadeland House: the original exterior bell-pull.

Plate 98

Wadeland House: the original bell-pull (lever) (detail).

Plate 99

Wadeland House: original moulded plaster ceiling cornices in the ground-floor right-hand front (drawing) room (detail).

Plate 100

Wadeland House: original moulded plaster ceiling cornices comprising the right-hand rear corner of the ground-floor central entrance hallway (detail).

Plate 101

Wadeland House: top-floor original moulded plaster cornice (detail).

Plate 102

Wadeland House: original internal window shutters (right-hand, half-closed) in the left-hand ground-floor front room (detail).

Plate 103

Wadeland House: original internal window shutters (closed) in the left-hand ground-floor front room (detail).

Plate 104

Wadeland House: the original open-well stair.

Plate 105

Wadeland House: the original mahogany handrail, scrolled over the newel post (detail).

Plate 106

Wadeland House: the original mahogany handrail, scrolled over the newel post (detail).

Plate 107

Wadeland House: the original laterally sliding pantry window (detail).

Plate 108

Wadeland House: attached service cottage.

Plate 109

Wadeland House: attached service cottage—the original ground-floor window’s slate windowsill.

Plate 110

Wadeland House: attached service cottage—original slate ground floor (detail).

Plate 111

Wadeland House: attached service cottage.

Plate 112

Wadeland House: attached service cottage—the external stairway’s original iron balustrade (detail).

Plate 113

Wadeland House: original front gate piers and screen walls.

Plate 114

Wadeland House: original right-hand front gate pier and screen wall (detail).

Plate 115

George Worgan’s grave, Church of St Martin, Liskeard.

Plate 116

The inscription on George Worgan’s headstone.

Plate 117

The brass plaque affixed to George Worgan’s headstone.

Plate 118

The brass plaque on George Worgan’s headstone (detail).

Plate 119

Mary Worgan’s headstone.

Plate 120

Charles Parsons Worgan’s headstone.

Plate 121

Portman Square, London (as it appears today).

Plate 122

The Royal Society of Musicians, London (as it appears today).

Plate 123

Joseph Lycett (1774? – ca 1828): The Residence of John McArthur Esqre. Near Parramatta, New South Wales (1825).

Plate 124

The unveneered spine of George Worgan’s square piano.

Plate 125

Elizabeth Farm cottage.

Plate 126

Unknown artist: Major Johnston with Quarter Master Laycock One Sergeant and Twenty Five Privates of ye New South Wales Corps defeats Two Hundred and Sixty Six Armed Rebels 5 March 1804 (1804).

Plate 127

Elizabeth Farm cottage: 1826 dining room.

Plate 128

George Worgan’s Beck piano in the 1826 dining room of Elizabeth Farm cottage.

Plate 129

George Worgan’s Beck piano in the 1826 dining room of Elizabeth Farm cottage.

Plate 130

Upright grand piano by John Broadwood & Sons, (London, 1815).

Plate 131

Upright grand piano by John Broadwood & Sons, (London, 1815): door open.

Plate 132

Cabinet piano by John Broadwood & Sons (London, ca 1810).

Plate 133

The left-hand page of William Bradshaw’s handwritten entry in one of his stock books regarding acquisition of the 1780/86? Frederick Beck square piano (detail).

Plate 133a

The right-hand page of William Bradshaw’s handwritten stock book entry regarding acquisition of the 1780/86? Frederick Beck square piano (detail).

Plate 133b

George Worgan’s Beck square piano nestling against the bent-side of a grand piano by Joseph Kirckman, dated 1809?.


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